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The aim of this review is to synthesize published evidence on the most recent trends in overweight and obesity among Swedish children. Specifically, trends are reported among fourth graders (10-11 years) from six different municipalities between 1999 and 2005. Weights and heights in representative samples of children within each area were measured by school(More)
BACKGROUND Time trends in overweight, obesity and underweight among 10-year-old children were investigated between 1999 and 2003 with attention to gender and areas with different socioeconomic status (SES). MATERIAL The study was performed in Stockholm County, where schools within eight different SES areas were randomly sampled. In selected schools, data(More)
INTRODUCTION Measures of parental self-efficacy (PSE) for healthy dietary or physical activity (PA) behaviors in children have been used in several studies; however, further psychometric validation of PSE for these behaviors is needed. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a new PSE instrument. METHODS Mothers (n(More)
BACKGROUND Childhood obesity is multi-factorial and determined to a large extent by dietary habits, physical activity and sedentary behaviours. Previous research has shown that school-based programmes are effective but that their effectiveness can be improved by including a parental component. At present, there is a lack of effective parental support(More)
BACKGROUND Childhood obesity is a growing concern in Sweden. Children with overweight and obesity run a high risk of becoming obese as adults, and are likely to develop comorbidities. Despite the immense demand, there is still a lack of evidence-based comprehensive prevention programmes targeting pre-school children and their families in primary health care(More)
AIM To explore developmental trajectories among adolescents of thinness and overweight in relation to gender. METHODS A group-based procedure was used to determine patterns of weight disturbances in a school-based sample of 3020 Swedish adolescents followed from age 11 to 18. A sensitivity analysis was performed to compensate for an increasing number of(More)
PURPOSE To examine the relationship between leisure time physical activity in 15-year-old students, and weight status and self-rated health 3 years later. METHODS Data were used from two follow-up waves, one in 2002 (grade 9, age 15 years) and one in 2005 (grade 12, age 18 years) of a cohort of approximately 2,500 adolescents. Adolescents reported height(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop and evaluate the effectiveness of a parental support programme to promote healthy dietary and physical activity habits and to prevent overweight and obesity in Swedish children. METHODS A cluster-randomised controlled trial was carried out in areas with low to medium socio-economic status. Participants were six-year-old children (n =(More)
OBJECTIVES The evidence regarding effectiveness of parental support interventions targeting children's health behaviours is weak. We aimed to review: 1) effectiveness of universal parental support interventions to promote dietary habits, physical activity (PA) or prevent overweight and obesity among children 2-18years and 2) effectiveness in relation to(More)
INTRODUCTION Dietary habits and physical activity are often the focus of obesity prevention programmes and involving parents in such programmes has proven to be effective. The aims of this study were to describe parents' concerns about their children's diet and physical activity habits and to describe barriers to change. RESULTS The study used archival(More)