Elina Nikkola

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BACKGROUND The Mexican population and others with Amerindian heritage exhibit a substantial predisposition to dyslipidemias and coronary heart disease. Yet, these populations remain underinvestigated by genomic studies, and to date, no genome-wide association (GWA) studies have been reported for lipids in these rapidly expanding populations. METHODS AND(More)
Common DNA variants of the transcription factor 7-like 2 gene (TCF7L2) are associated with type 2 diabetes. Familial combined hyperlipidaemia (FCHL) is characterised by hypertriacylglycerolaemia, hypercholesterolaemia, or both. Additionally, disturbances in glucose metabolism are commonly seen in FCHL. Therefore, we hypothesised that TCF7L2 may contribute(More)
Dyslipidemia and obesity are especially prevalent in populations with Amerindian backgrounds, such as Mexican-Americans, which predispose these populations to cardiovascular disease. Here we design an approach, known as the cross-population allele screen (CPAS), which we conduct prior to a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in 19,273 Europeans and(More)
The CYP2B1/2 gene pair is an example of many liver genes that exhibit a characteristic zonated expression pattern in the liver. The factors governing this zonation are poorly understood. We observed that after hypophysectomy the expression of CYP2B1/2 protein and mRNA in the normally silent periportal (upstream) region was high, in both male and female(More)
Many genetic variants influence complex traits by modulating gene expression, thus altering the abundance of one or multiple proteins. Here we introduce a powerful strategy that integrates gene expression measurements with summary association statistics from large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWAS) to identify genes whose cis-regulated expression(More)
BACKGROUND Exome sequencing is a recently implemented method to discover rare mutations for Mendelian disorders. Less is known about its feasibility to identify genes for complex traits. We used exome sequencing to search for rare variants responsible for a complex trait, low levels of serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). METHODS AND(More)
High serum triglyceride (TG) levels is an established risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). Fat is stored in the form of TGs in human adipose tissue. We hypothesized that gene co-expression networks in human adipose tissue may be correlated with serum TG levels and help reveal novel genes involved in TG regulation. Gene co-expression networks were(More)
OBJECTIVE Multiple obesity susceptibility loci have been identified by genome-wide association studies, yet the mechanisms by which these loci influence obesity remain unclear. Alternative splicing could contribute to obesity by regulating the transcriptomic and proteomic diversity of genes in these loci. METHODS Based on a database search, 72 of the 136(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent genome-wide association studies identified a variant rs7575840 in the apolipoprotein B (APOB) gene region as associated with low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. However, the underlying functional mechanism of this variant, which resides 6.5 kb upstream of APOB, has remained unknown. Our objective was to investigate rs7575840 for(More)
OBJECTIVE Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is a principal enzyme in lipoprotein metabolism, tissue lipid utilization, and energy metabolism. LPL is synthesized by parenchymal cells in adipose, heart, and muscle tissues followed by secretion to extracellular sites, where lipolyic function is exerted. The catalytic activity of LPL is attained during posttranslational(More)