Elina M. Mancinelli

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The differentiation of human nerve cells was investigated using a cell model comprising human neuroblastoma (IMR32) cells that were induced to differentiate by the addition of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) or N6-O2-dibutyryl cyclic adenosine 3'-5' monophosphate (Bt2cAMP). As parameters of differentiation, we studied neurite outgrowth, cholinergic(More)
In rodents, the Ras-specific guanine-nucleotide exchange factor (Ras-GRF) is expressed in different areas of the brain and, at a reduced level, also in the spinal cord. No expression of the 140 kDa Ras-GRF was detected in dorsal root ganglia and all other tissues tested. Analysis of primary cultures derived from brain reveals that this exchange factor is(More)
Ras-GRF, a neuron-specific Ras exchange factor of the central nervous system, was transfected in the SK-N-BE neuroblastoma cell line and stable clones were obtained. When exposed to retinoic acid, these clones showed a remarkable enhancement of Ras-GRF expression with a concomitant high increase in the level of active (GTP-bound) Ras already after 24 h of(More)
Muscle biopsy findings in DM2 have been reported to be similar to those in DM1. The authors used myosin heavy chain immunohistochemistry and enzyme histochemistry for fiber type differentiation on muscle biopsies. Their results show that DM2 patients display a subpopulation of type 2 nuclear clump and other very small fibers and, hence, preferential type 2(More)
Myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2) is a dominantly inherited autosomal disease with multi-systemic clinical features and it is caused by expansion of a CCTG tetranucleotide repeat in the first intron of the zinc finger protein 9 (ZNF9) gene in 3q21.The expanded-CCUG-containing transcripts are retained in the cell nucleus and accumulate in the form of focal(More)
Ras-GRF1 is a neuron-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Ras proteins. Mice lacking Ras-GRF1 (-/-) are severely impaired in amygdala-dependent long-term synaptic plasticity and show higher basal synaptic activity at both amygdala and hippocampal synapses (Brambilla et al., 1997). In the present study we investigated the effects of Ras-GRF1(More)
PNU-151774E [(S)-(+)-2-(4-(3-fluorobenzyloxy)benzylamino)propanamide methanesulfonate], a new anticonvulsant that displays a wide therapeutic window, has a potency comparable or superior to that of most classic anticonvulsants. PNU-151774E is chemically unrelated to current antiepileptics. In animal seizure models it possesses a broad spectrum of action. In(More)
We studied, in rat sensory neurons, the modulation of high voltage-activated Ca2+ currents (ICa) mediated by the pertussis toxin-sensitive activation of muscarinic receptors, which were found to be of subtypes M2 or M4. Muscarine reversibly blocked somatic Ca2+ spikes but strong predepolarizations only partially relieved the inhibited Ca2+ current. On the(More)
Myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2) is a dominantly inherited disorder caused by a CCTG repeat expansion in intron 1 of ZNF9 gene. The size and the somatic instability of DM2 expansion complicate the molecular diagnosis of DM2. In situ hybridization represents a rapid and sensitive method to obtain a definitive diagnosis in few hours, since it allows the direct(More)