Elina Kumpulainen

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The aim of this study was to characterize pediatric pharmacokinetics and central nervous system exposure of naproxen after oral administration. The pharmacokinetics of naproxen was studied in 53 healthy children aged 3 months to 12 years undergoing surgery with spinal anesthesia. Children received preoperatively a single dose of 10 mg/kg oral naproxen(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) permeation of indomethacin in healthy children. The participants (n = 31, aged 4-144 months) received indomethacin (0.35 mg/kg) as a 10-minute intravenous infusion prior to surgery under spinal anaesthesia. A single CSF and plasma sample from each individual was collected 14 to 225(More)
AIMS This study was designed to characterize paediatric pharmacokinetics and central nervous system exposure of flurbiprofen. METHODS The pharmacokinetics of flurbiprofen were studied in 64 healthy children aged 3 months to 13 years, undergoing surgery with spinal anaesthesia. Children were administered preoperatively a single dose of flurbiprofen(More)
BACKGROUND Several factors are thought to affect the spread and duration of spinal anesthesia (SA) in adults. These include the volume of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the lumbar spinal canal, which has a negative correlation with both the spread and duration of the sensory block. OBJECTIVES We evaluated whether CSF aspiration before an injection of(More)
Ketorolac is a potent nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory analgesic used in postoperative pain management. Ketorolac elicits its analgesic action by inhibiting the cyclo-oxygenase enzyme in peripheral tissues and in the spinal cord. Central nervous system penetration of parenteral ketorolac has been evaluated in adults but not in children. In the present study(More)
By studying which radiological examinations had been performed before breast cancer operations the aim was to assess, how much benefit ultrasonography (US) and fine or core needle biopsy (FNAB, CNB) gave in addition to mammography, and whether the sensitivity of these examinations varied with the age of the patient. There were 659 consecutive histologically(More)
An established biochemical index for monitoring therapy in patients with metastatic breast cancer was tested prospectively in a multicentre study. The index uses two serum tumour markers--carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen 15-3 (CA15-3) along with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). 67 patients treated by either endocrine or(More)
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT Diclofenac, a nonselective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug,, exerts analgesic action both in the peripheral tissues and in the central nervous system by inhibiting cyclooxygenase enzymes COX-1/2, but central nervous system penetration of diclofenac has not been evaluated in humans. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS(More)
BACKGROUND Ibuprofen is the most commonly used nonsteroidal, antipyretic, antiinflammatory analgesic in children. Nonsteroidal, antipyretic, antiinflammatory analgesics act in both the peripheral tissues and the central nervous system. The central nervous system penetration of ibuprofen has been described in adults but not in children. OBJECTIVES Our(More)
INTRODUCTION The main action of paracetamol (acetaminophen) is presumed to be in the central nervous system. The central nervous system penetration of paracetamol has been described in children with intracranial pathologies but not in children with an intact blood-brain barrier. OBJECTIVE We investigated the cerebrospinal fluid penetration of paracetamol(More)