Elina K Einiö

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PURPOSE Due to population aging, the need for long-term institutional care is increasing. We study the potentially modifiable sociodemographic factors that affect the rate of entry into and exit from long-term care. DESIGN AND METHODS A 40% sample from the population registration data of Finns aged 65 and older living in private households at the end of(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that young fatherhood is associated with higher later-life mortality. It is unclear whether the association is credible, in the sense that mortality and young fatherhood appear to be associated because both are determined by family-related environmental, socioeconomic and genetic characteristics. METHODS We used a(More)
OBJECTIVES We estimate (a) probabilities of moving to and from long-term institutional care and probabilities of death and (b) life expectancy in the community and in care by gender and marital status. METHOD A 40% random sample of Finns aged 65+ at the end of 1997 (n = 301,263) drawn from the population register was linked with register-based information(More)
BACKGROUND The death of a spouse has been shown to increase mortality from various causes, including ischaemic heart disease. It is unclear, however, whether cardiac problems are already on the rise before widowhood. METHODS Using longitudinal register data of Finnish widows-to-be aged 65 and over at baseline (N=19 185), we assessed the risk of(More)
We investigated the association between number of offspring and later-life mortality of Finnish men and women born 1938-50, and whether the association was explained by living conditions in own childhood and adulthood, chronic conditions, fertility timing, and unobserved characteristics common to siblings. We used a longitudinal 1950 census sample to(More)
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