Elina Aizenshtein

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In the first 10-14 days of a chick's life, protection is conferred by maternal antibodies. Further broiler protection is achieved by active vaccination. However, the high level of maternal antibodies interferes with the induction of an effective immune response by vaccination at a young age. As a result, there is a gap between the reduction in protective(More)
Melanoma is a highly lethal cancer deriving from transformed dermal melanocytes. Early diagnosed primary melanoma may be curable, but the cure-rate of more advanced stages is limited, with high mortality rate. With the progression of the tumor, the melanocytes overexpress intracellular or cell-surface molecules, including ectopic normal and tumor-specific(More)
Antitumor activity of molecules and cells of the innate immune system has been reported. Here we propose a method for targeting preferred innate immune cells and magnifying their tumoricidal effect at the tumor microenvironment, by modular multiple-component complexes (termed TILTAN). As a model, micro-scale complexes were assembled carrying monoclonal(More)
The immune response against hapten is T-cell-dependent, and so requires the uptake, processing and presentation of peptides on MHC class II molecules by antigen-presenting cells to the specific T cell. Some haptens, following conjugation to the available free amines on the surface of the carrier protein, can reduce its immunogenicity. The purpose of this(More)
Passive immunization with cross-species antibodies triggers the patient's immune response, thereby preventing repeated treatment. Mannosamine-biotin adduct (MBA) has been described as a masking agent for immunogenic reduction and here, the immunogenicity and biological activity of MBA-coated horse anti-viper venom (hsIgG) were compared to those of uncoated(More)
A variety of protein-coating procedures are used to modify proteins' properties. The principle coating agent used is PEGylation, in which proteins are coated by conjunction to polyethylene glycol (PEG). In the present study, we describe a novel approach that makes use of small molecules with multifunctional groups as the protein-coating agent. The new(More)
Passive vaccination is used to treat a wide range of infections and cancer. However, this approach has some limitations. An immune complex termed Y-complex was developed to intensify the effect of the passive vaccine. The complex is composed of a microbead that carries specific antibodies and an inducer. It enables targeting of pathogen or abnormal cells,(More)
Targeted cancer immunotherapy is challenging due to the cellular diversity and imposed immune tolerance in the tumor microenvironment (TME). A promising route to overcome those drawbacks may be by activating innate immune cells (IIC) in the TME, toward tumor destruction. Studies have shown the ability to “re-educate” pro-tumor-activated IIC toward antitumor(More)