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To study the influence of acidosis on free radical formation and lipid peroxidation in brain tissues, homogenates fortified with ferrous ions and, in some experiments, with ascorbic acid were equilibrated with 5-15% O2 at pH values of 7.0, 6.5, 6.0, and 5.0, with subsequent measurements of thiobarbituric acid-reactive (TBAR) material, as well as of water-(More)
The influence of hypercapnia, hypoxia and status epilepticus on cerebral cortex concentrations of adenosine, adenine nucleotides and cyclic AMP was studied on lightly anaesthetized (70% N2O) and artificially ventilated rats. Neither hypercapnia (arterial PCO2 about 80 and about 300 mmHg) nor hypoxia (minimal values of 19 mmHg) altered tissue concentrations(More)
It has recently been suggested that adenosine is a metabolic coupling factor responsible for an increased cerebral blood flow during hypoxia or increased functional activity. However, tissue adenosine concentrations have been reported to increase in situations previously shown to be unassociated with changes in tissue AMP concentrations. The present(More)
The protective effect of the alpha 2-receptor antagonist idazoxan against neuronal damage in the neocortex and in the hippocampal CA1 region was studied in rats exposed to 10 min of incomplete forebrain ischemia. When administered i.v. immediately after ischemia (0.1 mg/kg) and subsequently for 6 h (10 micrograms/kg/min), idazoxan significantly reduced(More)
The excitatory amino acid glutamate has been suggested to be an important mediator of the selective CA1 hippocampal damage which follows transient cerebral ischemia. In order to evaluate the possible involvement of altered glutamate receptor regulation in the expression of the delayed neuronal necrosis following ischemia, we have determined the density of(More)
The glutamate (Glu) terminals in rat neostriatum were removed by a unilateral frontal decortication. One to two weeks later the effects of insulin-induced hypoglycemia on the steady-state levels of amino acids [Glu, glutamine (Gln), aspartate (Asp), gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), taurine] and energy metabolites (glucose, glycogen, alpha-ketoglutarate,(More)
Unilateral ablations of the motor cortex were performed on rats. One to two weeks following the ablation they were subjected to 30 min of reversible insulin-induced hypoglycemic coma. The levels of glutamate, aspartate, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), taurine, adenosine triphosphate (ATP), adenosine diphosphate (ADP), adenosine monophosphate (AMP) and(More)
Using microdialysis, extracellular noradrenaline (NA) levels in the rat cerebral cortex were studied under isoflurane/N2O anaesthesia before, during and for 6 hours following 10 min of forebrain ischemia in a 2-vessel occlusion model. A microdialysis probe was introduced into the parietal cortex and dorsal hippocampus in anaesthetized rats and continuously(More)