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The PAT family (originally named for Perilipin, ADFP and TIP47) now includes four members: Perilipins, ADFP, TIP47 and S3-12. Significant primary sequence homology and the ability to associate with lipid storage droplets (LSDs) are well conserved within this family and across species. In this study, we have characterized a novel PAT protein, lipid storage(More)
DAX-1 (NROB1) is an atypical member of the nuclear receptor family that is predominantly expressed in mammalian reproductive tissues. While a receptor function of DAX-1 remains enigmatic, previous work has indicated that DAX-1 inhibits the activity of the orphan receptor steroidogenic factor 1 and the estrogen receptors (ERs), presumably via direct(More)
Proteins belonging to the 14--3-3 family interact with various regulatory proteins involved in cellular signaling, cell cycle regulation, or apoptosis. 14--3-3 proteins have been suggested to act by regulating the cytoplasmic/nuclear localization of their target proteins or by acting as molecular scaffolds or chaperones. We have previously shown that(More)
Coactivators constitute a diverse group of proteins that are essential for optimal transcriptional activity of nuclear receptors. In the past few years many coactivators have been identified but it is still unclear whether these proteins interact indiscriminately with all nuclear receptors and whether there is some redundancy in their functions. We have(More)
Nuclear receptors are master regulators of metazoan gene expression with crucial roles during development and in adult physiology. Fushi tarazu factor 1 (FTZ-F1) subfamily members are ancient orphan receptors with homologues from Drosophila to human that regulate diverse gene expression programs important for developmental processes, reproduction and(More)
LXRs have recently been shown to regulate key enzymes in cholesterol degradation, reverse transport of cholesterol from peripheral cells, cholesterol uptake and lipogenesis. The LXRalpha promoter was thus studied to investigate if LXRalpha gene expression is under the regulation of transcription factors involved in adipogenesis. We report that the C/EBP(More)
Expression of the LXRalpha nuclear receptor in liver is predicted to affect cholesterol and lipid metabolism. Here we show that a short fragment from the LXRalpha gene promoter spanning the region from -144 to +43 relative to the mRNA initiation site can drive transcription of a reporter gene. Under basal conditions, in vitro DNase I footprinting(More)
The liver X receptors alpha and beta (LXRalpha and LXRbeta) are members of the nuclear receptor superfamily of proteins which are highly expressed in metabolically active tissues. They regulate gene expression of critical genes involved in cholesterol catabolism and transport, lipid and triglyceride biosynthesis, and carbohydrate metabolism in response to(More)
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