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Along with progress of medicine, contribution that opportunistic bacteria make in nosocomial infections increases. Coagulase-negative staphylococci are these multiresistant strains which often cause this kind of infections. But more and more frequently other genera of bacteria are isolated. The main source of them is first and foremost the hospitalized(More)
Based on iron utilization, sensitivity to skin fatty acids, lipolytic and proteolytic activity the potential abilities of Staphylococcus cohnii strains to colonize humans were evaluated. The investigation included 60 strains that belong to both subspecies, viz. S. cohnii ssp. cohnii and S. cohnii ssp. urealyticus. Strains were isolated from different(More)
Lipophilic corynebacteria isolated as natural flora of human skin were examined. Among 119 assayed strains 94% presented a hydrophobic cell surface and 75.6% were able to form biofilms. These attributes, as well as aggregation in liquid media, were statistically connected with each other and promote the developing of biofilms on solid surfaces. This was(More)
A total 355 of Staphylococcus cohnii isolates from hospital environment, patients (newborns), medical staff and from non-hospital environment were tested for hemolytic activity. Ninety-one % of S. cohnii ssp. cohnii and 74.5 % S. cohnii ssp. urealyticus strains exhibited hemolysis synergistic to S. aureus ATCC 25923 strain. Crude preparations of hemolysins(More)
Staphylococcus haemolyticus is one of the most frequent aetiological factors of staphylococcal infections. This species seems to lack the important virulence attributes described in other staphylococci. However, studies have shown that the presence of various enzymes, cytolysins and surface substances affects the virulence of S. haemolyticus. Nevertheless,(More)
Sensitivity of two groups of lipophilic corynebacteria strains of different species, which form stable residential flora on human skin, to therapeutically significant groups of antibiotic was compared. Strains were isolated from people who did not have any contact with hospital environment, and from doctors closely connected with hospital. It was shown that(More)
Coryneform bacteria, especially lipophilic species, form stable but not dominant population on a human skin. This position is probably controlled by secretion of bacteriocin-like substances, which act directly on coexisting bacteria. Among 118 investigated corynebacteria belonging to seven species/taxa and isolated from human skin, 90% possessed an ability(More)
Opportunistic infections are usually caused by endogenic flora originated from physiological flora. In this context we studied coryneform bacteria recovered from deeper layers of epidermis of the forehead (278 isolates) and the back (196 isolates) of healthy men. It was observed that coryneform bacteria are in dynamic equilibrium with coagulase-negative(More)
Coagulase-negative staphylococci cause a significant number of infections, especially in immunocompromised patients, including premature neonates. Nosocomial strains present in the environment create a special risk.We studied staphylococci isolated from the intensive care unit of a paediatric teaching hospital over the period of six months in 1997.(More)
Presented study describes abilities of staphylococci to adhere to exfoliated cheek and uroepithelial epithelium cells and to various surfaces such as plastics, glass and steel. The subject of the study were strains of Staphylococcus cohnii ssp. cohnii and Staphylococcus cohnii ssp. urealyticus isolated from Intensive Care Unit of Pediatric Hospital.(More)