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The purpose of this study was to assess the predictive value of admission heart rate (HR) for in-hospital and 1 year post-discharge mortality in a large cohort of patients hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction (MI). Data were derived from the SPRINT-2 secondary prevention study population, and included 1044 patients (aged 50-79), hospitalized in 14(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate whether a new variable of mitral inflow, A wave deceleration time, identifies patients with elevated left ventricular filling pressures. BACKGROUND In patients with an elevated left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, the increase in left ventricular pressure after atrial contraction rapidly exceeds left(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to report the incidence, the antecedents, and the clinical significance of clinically recognized cerebrovascular accidents or transient ischemic attacks (CVA-TIA) complicating acute myocardial infarction. PATIENTS AND METHODS During 1981 to 1983, a secondary prevention study with nifedipine (SPRINT) was conducted in(More)
The efficacy and safety of oral verapamil, 240 mg, with or without digoxin were studied in 52 patients with chronic atrial fibrillation at rest, and during mild and maximal exercise. Twenty-four patients were studied during the following therapeutic modalities: no therapy; digoxin, 0.25 mg and 0.5 mg daily; digoxin, 0.25 mg and verapamil; and verapamil(More)
To evaluate the influence of two techniques of myocardial protection on septal wall motion (SWM) and left ventricular ejection fraction, 21 patients with a normal SWM underwent surgery using either conventional antegrade cardioplegia (group I, n = 9) or combined antegrade/retrograde cardioplegia (group II, n = 12). The patients were assessed pre- and(More)
Prosthetic valve endocarditis is still a very serious complication, carrying an incidence of death between 30 and 70% in some series. Therefore early and accurate diagnosis is crucial. Early (less than 60 days post surgery) endocarditis is usually a fulminant disease, where staphylococcal infection is most common. Late prosthetic endocarditis resembles more(More)
BACKGROUND Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) is considered a frequent complication of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), associated with increased in-hospital and long-term mortality rates. This notion is based on data collected before thrombolysis and additional modern methods of treatment became widely available, and no information is available on the(More)
We describe a 65-year-old patient with moderate combined mitral disease and severe tricuspid regurgitation, in whom the tricuspid regurgitant jet was oriented toward the interatrial septum. Color flow and pulsed Doppler demonstrated a late-systolic to mid-diastolic, right-to-left shunting of the tricuspid regurgitant jet through the foramen ovale. This(More)
AIMS To determine the circadian rhythm of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in a very large outpatient population. METHODS AND RESULTS We reviewed all emergency telephone calls received in Shahal (a medical service covering 44 000 subscribers), from 1987 to 1997. Patients were included if new-onset atrial fibrillation was recorded. During this study period,(More)