Elieser Gorelik

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The A2A adenosine receptor (A2AR) has been shown to be a critical and nonredundant negative regulator of immune cells in protecting normal tissues from inflammatory damage. We hypothesized that A2AR also protects cancerous tissues by inhibiting incoming antitumor T lymphocytes. Here we confirm this hypothesis by showing that genetic deletion of A2AR in the(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are thought to be responsible for tumor regeneration after chemotherapy, although direct confirmation of this remains forthcoming. We therefore investigated whether drug treatment could enrich and maintain CSCs and whether the high tumorogenic and metastatic abilities of CSCs were based on their marked ability to produce(More)
PURPOSE Interferon (IFN)-alpha2b is the only Food and Drug Administration-approved treatment for operable high-risk melanoma that has been shown to significantly and durably prolong relapse-free survival (RFS) of patients with stage IIB-III melanoma. Development of reliable serum assays may contribute to the development of methods for earlier detection of(More)
Three melanomas of C57BL/6 mice (BL6, JB/MS, and JB/RH) share several phenotypic properties. All these cells contain melanoma-specific ecotropic C-type retrovirus that encodes melanoma-associated antigen recognizable by MM2-9B6 mAb. They do not express H-2Kb molecules, and the alpha-galactosyl epitopes (Gal alpha 1-3Gal beta 1-4GlcNAc-R) they fail to react(More)
Naturally occurring regulatory T cells (nTreg) are crucial for maintaining tolerance to self and thus preventing autoimmune diseases and allograft rejections. In cancer, Treg down-regulate antitumor responses by several distinct mechanisms. This study analyzes the role the adenosinergic pathway plays in suppressive activities of human nTreg. Human(More)
Human regulatory T cells (Treg) have been variously defined as CD4(+)CD25(+), CD4(+)CD25(high) or CD4(+)CD25(high)FOXP3(+) cells which are responsible for maintaining peripheral tolerance. Their isolation from human peripheral blood or tissues depends on the expression level of CD25(IL-2Ralpha) - a surface marker which is also expressed on activated(More)
OBJECTIVES In an ongoing effort to identify diagnostic ovarian cancer biomarkers, SEREX (serological analysis of recombinant cDNA expression libraries) technique was employed resulting in detection of 20 known genes, nine ESTs and one novel sequence. Interleukin-8 (IL-8) was one of ovarian cancer-associated antigens identified by SEREX screening. The(More)
The effect of adenosine and its analogues on the cytotoxic activity of IL-2-activated NK cells was investigated. Adenosine is an endogenous ligand for four different adenosine receptor (AdoR) subtypes (AdoRA1, AdoRA2A, AdoRA2B, and AdoRA3). Increased concentrations of adenosine were found in ascites of MethA sarcoma or in culture medium of 3LL Lewis lung(More)
An H-2Kb negative BL6 melanoma clone (BL6-8) was transfected with plasmids containing either the class I H-2Kb or class II H-2IAk gene in combination with the neor gene. The effects of the transfected genes on the expression of the melanoma-associated antigen (MAA) recognized by the monoclonal antibodies MM2-9B6 and MM2-3C6 and the cell surface(More)
Adaptive regulatory T cells (Tr1) are induced in the periphery upon encountering cognate antigens. In cancer, their frequency is increased; however, Tr1-mediated suppression mechanisms are not yet defined. Here, we evaluate the simultaneous involvement of ectonucleotidases (CD39/CD73) and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) in Tr1-mediated suppression. Human Tr1 cells(More)