Elie Serge Zafrani

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Hepatocellular adenomas are benign tumors that can be difficult to diagnose. To refine their classification, we performed a comprehensive analysis of their genetic, pathological, and clinical features. A multicentric series of 96 liver tumors with a firm or possible diagnosis of hepatocellular adenoma was reviewed by liver pathologists. In all cases, the(More)
UNLABELLED Genetic determinants of the early steps of carcinogenesis on cirrhosis are still poorly understood. We aimed to evaluate the occurrence of telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) promoter mutations in the transformation of cirrhotic nodules into hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We analyzed a series of 268 liver samples, including 96 nodules(More)
INTRODUCTION Altered p53 gene product correlates with the stage and grade of bladder tumor, but its value as a predictor of BCG response has been disappointing. In order to revisit the prognostic value of pretreatment p53 nuclear overexpression for the BCG response, we studied a large cohort of consecutive patients with superficial bladder cancer treated(More)
The protein product of the growth arrest-specific gene 6 (Gas6) is a secreted ligand for tyrosine kinase receptors, among which Axl is the most widely distributed and displays the highest affinity for Gas6. The Gas6/Axl signaling pathway has been increasingly implicated in growth and survival processes occurring during development and tissue repair. In(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of our study was to determine the MRI features of atypical focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver and to compare them to pathology findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed MRI and pathology findings in 27 focal nodular hyperplasia lesions with atypical MRI features. Six criteria for typical focal nodular(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The growth arrest-specific gene 6 (Gas6) protein is a vitamin K-dependent protein that binds to the Axl subfamily of tyrosine kinase receptors and exerts antiapoptotic and proliferative effects. Because Gas6 plays a role in development and tissue remodelling, we studied its expression as well as that of its high-affinity receptor Axl in a(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Steatosis is highly prevalent in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) and has been reported to increase fibrosis and reduce the rate of viral eradication. Two recent studies indicate that endocannabinoids promote experimental steatosis via activation of hepatic CB1 receptors. We therefore investigated the impact of cannabis smoking on(More)
Stromal cell-derived factor-1 is a chemokine that plays a major role during embryogenesis. Since stromal cell-derived factor-1 and its unique receptor CXCR4 are involved in the differentiation of progenitor cells, we studied the expression of this chemokine and of its receptor in hepatic regeneration from precursor oval cells. Hepatic regeneration was(More)