Elie Rafidinarivo

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Ellipticine (E) and its 9-hydroxy derivative inhibit strongly various liver monooxygenase activities mediated by microsomes from control and phenobarbital (PB), benzo[alpha]pyrene (BP) or Aroclor 1254 (Aroclor)-pretreated rats. The inhibition constants, Ki, are remarkably low, and often smaller than 1 micron, particularly in the case of microsomes(More)
Spheroplasts were prepared from two carotenoid pigment mutants of Mycobacterium aurum named NgR9 and A11, which were obtained by the chemical mutagenesis of the wild type strain A+ with N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine. The carotenoid pigments and the alpha- and beta-mycolic acids were taken as genetic markers and the recombinants were selected on the(More)
Mycolic acids, the hallmark of mycobacteria and related bacteria, are major and specific components of their cell envelope and essential for the mycobacterial survival. Mycobacteria contain structurally related long-chain lipids, but the metabolic relationships between these various classes of compounds remain obscure. To address this question a series of(More)
New methyl-branched fatty acids were isolated from the lipids of Mycobacterium aurum, belonging to both saturated and non-saturated series. The most abundant component of the former series was identified as a C22-mycosanoic acid (2-L, 4-L-dimethyleicosanoic acid). The unsaturated fraction contained a mixture of 2-L, 4-L-dimethyl-11-eicosenoic acid and 2-L,(More)
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