Elias Shezen

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Differentiated cell types derived from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) may serve in the future to treat various human diseases. A crucial step toward their successful clinical application is to examine the immune response that might be launched against them after transplantation. We used two experimental platforms to examine the in vivo leukocyte(More)
The CX3C chemokine family is composed of only one member, CX3CL1, also known as fractalkine, which in mice is the sole ligand of the G protein-coupled, 7-transmembrane receptor CX3CR1. Unlike classic small peptide chemokines, CX3CL1 is synthesized as a membrane-anchored protein that can promote integrin-independent adhesion. Subsequent cleavage by(More)
Tissue engineering and cell therapy approaches aim to take advantage of the repopulating ability and plasticity of multipotent stem cells to regenerate lost or diseased tissue. Recently, stage-specific embryonic kidney progenitor tissue was used to regenerate nephrons. Through fluorescence-activated cell sorting, microarray analysis, in vitro(More)
The prevention of acute experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) by N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), a potent free radical scavenger, is described. Administrated ad libitum to SJL/J mice at a dosage of 0.2-2 mg/ml in drinking water from the day of the encephalitogenic injection, the agent significantly inhibited the induction of acute EAE. The improvement(More)
BACKGROUND Stealth liposomes hold promise as a mode of delivering cytotoxic agents selectively to tumors in cancer patients. The objective of this study was to determine whether stealth liposomal doxorubicin accumulates selectively in bone metastases based on clinical material obtained from two patients with breast carcinoma. METHODS Tumor tissue was(More)
Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) are regulated by various bone marrow stromal cell types. Here we identified rare activated bone marrow monocytes and macrophages with high expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and the cyclooxygenase COX-2 that were adjacent to primitive HSPCs. These myeloid cells resisted radiation-induced cell death(More)
The aim of this study was to identify cell populations relevant to pathogenesis and repair within the injured CNS in mice that recovered from experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). We demonstrate that in two EAE models, with either relapsing-remitting or chronic course, T-cells and resident activated microglia manifested extensive IL-17(More)
Cytokine-induced expansion of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) is not fully understood. In the present study, we show that whereas steady-state hematopoiesis is normal in basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2)-knockout mice, parathyroid hormone stimulation and myeloablative treatments failed to induce normal HSPC proliferation and recovery.(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to investigate long-term, radiation-induced changes in microvessel permeability, the profile of the vasoactive mediators endothelin and nitric oxide, and the response of specific cell systems in the irradiated spinal cord of rats. METHODS AND MATERIALS The thoracolumbar spinal cords of Fischer rats were irradiated to a dose of 15(More)
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS—Considering that anti-CD40L was found to be thrombotic in humans, we sought to test alternative costimulatory blockade agents already in clinical use, including CTLA4-Ig, anti-LFA1, and anti-CD48. These agents were tested in conjunction with T-cell debulking by anti-CD4 and anti-CD8 antibodies or with conventional(More)