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Diffusion-tensor fiber tracking was used to identify the cores of several long-association fibers, including the anterior (ATR) and posterior (PTR) thalamic radiations, and the uncinate (UNC), superior longitudinal (SLF), inferior longitudinal (ILF), and inferior fronto-occipital (IFO) fasciculi. Tracking results were compared to existing anatomical(More)
Left hemispheric language dominance is well established, but the structural substrate for this functional asymmetry is uncertain. We report a strong asymmetry in the relative fiber density of the arcuate fasciculus, a white matter pathway associated with language that connects the frontal, temporal, and parietal lobes. Measured with diffusion tensor(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Brain lesions, especially white matter lesions (WMLs), are associated with cardiac and vascular disease, but also with normal aging. Quantitative analysis of WML in large clinical trials is becoming more and more important. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this article, we present a computer-assisted WML segmentation method, based on(More)
The authors used diffusion-tensor imaging to examine central white matter pathways in two children with spastic quadriplegic cerebral palsy. Corticospinal tracts projecting from cortex to brainstem resembled controls. In contrast, posterior regions of the corpus callosum, internal capsule, and corona radiata were markedly reduced, primarily in white matter(More)
Spatial normalization of diffusion tensor images plays a key role in voxel-based analysis of white matter (WM) group differences. Currently, it has been achieved using low-dimensional registration methods in the large majority of clinical studies. This paper aims to motivate the use of high-dimensional normalization approaches by generating evidence of(More)
The objective of this study is to investigate the use of pattern classification methods for distinguishing different types of brain tumors, such as primary gliomas from metastases, and also for grading of gliomas. The availability of an automated computer analysis tool that is more objective than human readers can potentially lead to more reliable and(More)
SUMMARY Methylmalonic acidemia is an inborn disorder of amino acid metabolism that commonly presents with neurologic deficits. We present the results of multi-slice proton MR spectroscopy and diffusion-weighted imaging of the brain in two patients with methylmalonic acidemia. The findings consisted of restricted diffusion and elevated lactate in the globi(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES There have been a large number of case-control studies using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The objective of this study was to perform an individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis for the estimation of the diagnostic accuracy measures of DTI in the diagnosis of ALS using corticospinal tract(More)
Diffusion magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is evolving into a potent tool in the examination of the central nervous system. Although it is often used for the detection of acute ischemia, evaluation of directionality in a diffusion measurement can be useful in white matter, which demonstrates strong diffusion anisotropy. Techniques such as diffusion-tensor(More)