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To assess the feasibility of noninvasively imaging the regional distribution of myocardial sympathetic innervation, we evaluated the distribution of sympathetic nerve endings, using 123I metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG), and compared this with the distribution of myocardial perfusion, using 201Tl. Twenty dogs were studied: 11 after regional denervation, and(More)
To further characterize the behavior of metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) in the myocardium and to test the hypothesis that the denervated heart would show normal early uptake on MIBG due to non-neuronal localization, we examined the early and late distribution of 123I-labeled MIBG in normal and globally denervated canine and human hearts. Canine hearts were(More)
This study evaluated the relative hemodynamic importance of a normal left ventricular (LV) activation sequence compared to atrioventricular (AV) synchrony with respect to systolic and diastolic function. Twelve patients with intact AV conduction and AV sequential pacemakers underwent radionuclide studies at rest and Doppler echocardiographic studies at rest(More)
Detection and localization of peripheral arterial disease was evaluated by intravenous injection of 201Tl at peak exercise in 22 subjects. Images of the gluteals (G), thighs (T), knees (K), and calves (C) were obtained at exercise and after a 3 hr delay, and stored in a computer, interextremity (T/T and C/C) and intraextremity (G/T, T/C, T/K) counts ratios(More)
To analyze the specificity of the diffuse pattern of cardiac uptake with technetium-99m stannous pyrophosphate (TcPYP), we evaluated the bone scans of 1,383 noncardiac patients and the myocardial scintigrams of 120 cardiac patients. Seventy (14.4%) of 483 bone scans performed on a scintillation camera revealed diffuse TcPYP cardiac uptake. Among the total(More)
To determine the effect of isoproterenol on cardiac energetics and function in an animal preparation of cardiomyopathy, we studied Langendorff perfused hearts from Syrian cardiomyopathic hamsters. High-energy phosphate metabolites (phosphocreatine [PCr], ATP, inorganic phosphate [Pi]) and intracellular pH (pHi) were measured by 31P nuclear magnetic(More)
Patient motion during image acquisition is a frequent cause of SPECT perfusion image artifacts. We sought to determine the relationship between patient motion and the resultant image artifact. The effect of patient motion on 201Tl SPECT scintigrams was assessed with computer simulation to create 66 new image sets with artifactual vertical, horizontal and(More)