Elias Greenbaum

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This article summarizes recent advances in the field of algal hydrogen production. Two fundamental approaches are being developed. One involves the temporal separation of the usually incompatible reactions of O(2) and H(2) production in green algae, and the second involves the use of classical genetics to increase the O(2) tolerance of the reversible(More)
Absolute thermodynamic efficiencies of conversion of light energy into chemical-free energy of molecular hydrogen by intact microalgae have been measured with an original physical measuring technique using a tin-oxide semiconducting gas sensor. Thin films of microalgae comprising of 5 to 20 cellular monolayers have been entrapped on filter paper, thereby(More)
Light-activated hydrogen and oxygen evolution as a function of CO2 concentration in helium were measured for the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. The concentrations were 58, 30, 0.8 and 0 ppm CO2. The objective of these experiments was to study the differential affinity of CO2/HCO 3 - for their respective Photosystem II and Calvin cycle(More)
Colloidal platinum was prepared and precipitated directly onto photosynthetic thylakoid membranes from aqueous solution and entrapped on fiberglass filter paper. This composition of matter was capable of sustained simultaneous photoevolution of hydrogen and oxygen when irradiated at any wavelength in the chlorophyll absorption spectrum. Experimental data(More)
We have used self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) prepared from omega-terminated alkanethiols on gold to generate model surfaces and examine the effect of surface composition on the adsorption of Photosystem I (PSI), stabilized in aqueous solution by Triton X-100. Triton-stabilized PSI adsorbs to high-energy surfaces prepared from HO- and HO2C-terminated(More)
We have discovered a new competitive pathway for O2 sensitivity in algal H2 production that is distinct from the O2 sensitivity of hydrogenase per se. This O2 sensitivity is apparently linked to the photosynthetic H2 production pathway that is coupled to proton translocation across the thylakoid membrane. Addition of the proton uncoupler carbonyl(More)
Tissue biosensors made from immobilized whole-cell photosynthetic microorganisms have been developed for the detection of airborne chemical warfare agents and simulants. The sensor read-out is based on well-known principles of fluorescence induction by living photosynthetic tissue. Like the cyanobacteria and algae from which they were constructed, the(More)
A study of the absolute photoproduction of hydrogen by autotrophically grown Chlorella vulgaris with single-turnover flashes of light indicates that (i) while the Emerson and Arnold photosynthetic unit has the value chlorophyll: oxygen approximately 1700 : 1, the hydrogen analog of this unit has the value chlorophyll: hydrogen approximately 1400 : 1, and(More)