Elias Eliopoulos

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Since its first isolation, bovine beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) has been an enigma: although it is abundant in the whey fraction of milk, its function is still not clear. The results of the many physicochemical studies on the protein need a structural interpretation. We report here the structure of the orthorhombic crystal form of cow BLG at pH 7.6, at a(More)
Haematophagous insects are frequently carriers of parasitic diseases, including malaria. The mosquito Anopheles gambiae is the major vector of malaria in sub-Saharan Africa and is thus responsible for thousands of deaths daily. Although the role of olfaction in A. gambiae host detection has been demonstrated, little is known about the combinations of(More)
Metabolic labeling of immature jackbean cotyledons with 14C-amino acids was used to determine the processing steps involved in the assembly of concanavalin A. Pulse-chase experiments and analyses of immunoprecipitated lectin forms indicated a complex series of events involving seven distinct species. The structural relatedness of all of the intermediate(More)
The phylogenetic relationships among the Drosophila melanogaster group species were analyzed using approximately 1700 nucleotide-long sequences of the mitochondrial DNA. Phylogenetic analysis was performed using this region consisting of a part of the cytochrome b (cytb) coding gene, the entire coding sequences of tRNA-Leu, tRNA-Ser and the first subunit of(More)
The phylogenetic relationships among the Drosophila melanogaster subgroup species were analyzed using approximately 1550-nucleotide-long sequences of the Cu,Zn SOD gene. Phylogenetic analysis was performed using separately the whole region and the intron sequences of the gene. The resulting phylogenetic trees reveal virtually the same topology, separating(More)
The description of globular protein structures as an ensemble of contiguous 'closed loops' or 'tightened end fragments' reveals fold elements crucial for the formation of stable structures and for navigating the very process of protein folding. These are the ends of the loops, which are spatially close to each other but are situated apart in the polypeptide(More)
Receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL), a trimeric tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily member, is the central mediator of osteoclast formation and bone resorption. Functional mutations in RANKL lead to human autosomal recessive osteopetrosis (ARO), whereas RANKL overexpression has been implicated in the pathogenesis of bone degenerative(More)
Much physiological and behavioral evidence has been provided suggesting that insect odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) are indispensable for odorant recognition and thus are appealing targets for structure-based discovery and design of novel host-seeking disruptors. Despite the fact that more than 60 putative OBP-encoding genes have been identified in the(More)
In the process of homology modelling of the 3-dimensional structure of alleles of the human histocompatibility protein HLA-DQ, we discovered that its RGD tripeptide (beta 167-169) forms part of a loop. A search through protein sequence data bases, revealed this cell adhesion motif in 67 integral plasma membrane proteins (in 48 extracellularly, and in the(More)
Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is known to protect organisms from reactive oxygen metabolites. We tested the hypothesis that the Drosophila Cu,Zn SOD is capable of protecting Escherichia coli from oxidative damage caused by the herbicide paraquat. The Cu,Zn Sod gene of Drosophila sechellia was subcloned into pET-20b(+) expression vector. Transformation of E.(More)