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Haematophagous insects are frequently carriers of parasitic diseases, including malaria. The mosquito Anopheles gambiae is the major vector of malaria in sub-Saharan Africa and is thus responsible for thousands of deaths daily. Although the role of olfaction in A. gambiae host detection has been demonstrated, little is known about the combinations of(More)
Mitochondrial structure and function is emerging as a major contributor to neuromuscular disease, highlighting the need for the complete elucidation of the underlying molecular and pathophysiological mechanisms. Following a forward genetics approach with N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU)-mediated random mutagenesis, we identified a novel mouse model of autosomal(More)
Insect odorant binding proteins (OBPs) are the first components of the olfactory system to encounter and bind attractant and repellent odors emanating from various sources for presentation to olfactory receptors, which trigger relevant signal transduction cascades culminating in specific physiological and behavioral responses. For disease vectors,(More)
Metabolic labeling of immature jackbean cotyledons with 14C-amino acids was used to determine the processing steps involved in the assembly of concanavalin A. Pulse-chase experiments and analyses of immunoprecipitated lectin forms indicated a complex series of events involving seven distinct species. The structural relatedness of all of the intermediate(More)
The single chain Fv fragment of mAb198 (scFv198) directed against the main immunogenic region (MIR) of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR), can efficiently protect the AChR in muscle cell cultures against the destructive activity of human myasthenic autoantibodies. Humanization of the scFv198 antibody fragment should prove useful for therapeutic(More)
Membrane-anchored lipoproteins have a broad range of functions and play key roles in several cellular processes in Gram-positive bacteria. BA0330 and BA0331 are the only lipoproteins among the 11 known or putative polysaccharide deacetylases of Bacillus anthracis. We found that both lipoproteins exhibit unique characteristics. BA0330 and BA0331 interact(More)
Myasthenia gravis is a neuromuscular disorder caused by an antibody-mediated autoimmune response to the muscle-type nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR). The majority of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) produced in rats immunized with intact AChR compete with each other for binding to an area of the alpha-subunit called the main immunogenic region (MIR). The(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) are abundant in the brain and are essential in cognitive function, learning and memory. Previous efforts on α4β2 nAChR had been focused on functional and pharmacological characterization, where high expression yield is not essential. For structural studies though, large amounts of pure protein is important but(More)
Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are important therapeutic targets for various diseases, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and schizophrenia, as well as for cessation of smoking. Based on the recently determined crystal structure of the extracellular domain (ECD) of the mouse nAChR alpha1 subunit complexed with(More)
The pharmacophoric concept plays an important role in ligand-based drug design methods to describe the similarity and diversity of molecules, and could also be exploited as a molecular representation scheme. A three-point pharmacophore method was used as a molecular representation perception. This procedure was implemented for dopamine antagonists of the(More)