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The intensity and pattern of anthocyanin biosynthesis in Antirrhinum flowers is controlled by several genes. We have isolated six cDNA clones encoding enzymes in the pathway committed to flavonoid biosynthesis and used these to assay how the regulatory genes that modify colour pattern affect the expression of biosynthetic genes. The biosynthetic genes of(More)
An insertion sequence of 283 base pairs has been isolated from the DFR-C gene (dihydroflavonol-4-reductase) of petunia. This insert was found only in a line unstable for the An1 locus (anthocyanin 1, located on chromosome VI) and not in fully pigmented progenitor and revertant lines or in stable white derivative lines. This implies that the An1 locus(More)
RATIONALE Limited information is available about the long-term outcome of lung function and exercise capacity in young adults born prematurely. OBJECTIVE To determine long-term effects of prematurity on lung function (volumes, diffusing capacity) and exercise capacity in ex-preterms compared with healthy peers. METHODS In a prospective cohort study,(More)
Some patients with severe asthma cannot be controlled with high doses of inhaled steroids (ICS), which may be related to ongoing environmental allergen exposure. We investigated whether 10 weeks of high altitude allergen avoidance leads to sustained benefits regarding clinical and inflammatory markers of disease control in adolescents with persistent asthma(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the prevalence of respiratory and atopic symptoms in (young) adults born prematurely, differences between those who did and did not develop Bronchopulmonary Disease (BPD) at neonatal age and differences in respiratory health between males and females. METHODS DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Nation wide follow-up study, The(More)
UNLABELLED We aimed to determine the rates of proven respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) hospitalization and disease severity among children born moderately preterm (MP, gestational age [GA] 32-36 weeks, n = 964), children born full-term (FT, GA 38-42 weeks, n = 572), and children born early preterm (EP, GA <32 weeks, n = 524). Our second aim was to identify(More)
This study examined the safety of sputum induction and the relation between sputum cell counts and clinical parameters in adolescents with severe persistent asthma. Within 5 days, induced sputum and reversibility in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), quality of life, provocative concentration causing a 20% fall in FEV1 (PC20) of adenosine(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the respiratory health of preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) at preschool age and to determine whether lung function (measured by forced oscillation technique (FOT) and interruption technique (Rint) is affected by BPD in preterm infants compared with preterm infants without BPD. STUDY DESIGN PARTICIPANTS 3 to(More)
Children exposed to environmental tobacco smoke, during or after pregnancy, are known to have decreased lung function. So far this has been measured using spirometry in schoolchildren and invasive techniques in newborns. The interruption technique (Rint) is a noninvasive technique to measure airway resistance in preschool children. Our aim in this study was(More)
RATIONALE Pulmonary outcomes of moderate-preterm children (MP) are unknown. OBJECTIVES To investigate the prevalence of respiratory symptoms during infancy and at preschool age of MP compared with full-term (FT) and early preterm children (EP) and to determine factors associated with respiratory symptoms of MP at school age. METHODS Prospective cohort(More)