Eliane de Oliveira Ferreira

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Clostridium difficile strains were detected in 14 of 210 (6.7 %) faecal samples from children in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, by cultivating faeces on cycloserine/cefoxitin/fructose agar after alcohol-shock. Two main groups of children were studied: inpatients (n = 96) and outpatients (n = 114). The inpatient group consisted of children on antibiotics or(More)
Diarrhoeic stool samples from 334 0-5-year-old children were analysed with respect to the incidence of Bacteroides fragilis as well as other enteropathogens. B. fragilis was recovered in 9.3% (31/334) of the samples, and 79 strains were examined for the presence of the bft gene or the BfPAI flanking region using polymerase chain reaction assays. No(More)
The binding of Bacteroides fragilis to plasmatic fibronectin was investigated using strains isolated from healthy subjects and from patients with bacteremia. They were cultivated in a synthetic media in which variations in cysteine concentrations determined alterations in the oxidation-reduction potential (Eh). All the strains assayed were capable of(More)
Clostridium difficile is an important nosocomial enteric pathogen and is the etiological agent of pseudomembranous colites. Recently, the rates of C. difficile infection (CDI) have increased worldwide, but in Brazil few data about this situation and the incidence of clonal types of C. difficile exist. This study aimed to isolate and characterize C.(More)
The aim of this work was to identify and characterize Clostridium difficile strains from fecal and hospital environmental samples. C. difficile toxins were detected by ELISA in 28.5% of the analyzed samples. Four strains were isolated from immunosuppressed inpatients presenting antibiotic-associated diarrhea. All strains possessed tcdA and tcdB genes and(More)
Bacteroides fragilis is the anaerobe most commonly recoverable from clinical specimens. The wide genetic diversity of this bacterium related with virulence potential is still an open question. In this study, we analyzed the morphological aspects and microbicide action of MØ during interactions with B. fragilis. A filamentous cytoplasm content release and a(More)
Susceptibility to five antimicrobials was determined for Bacteroides spp. (n = 52) and Parabacteroides distasonis (n = 8). All isolates were susceptible to metronidazole. The resistance rates to ampicillin, cefoxitin, tetracycline and clindamycin were 98%, 9.6%, 65.3% and 19.2% of the Bacteroides strains, respectively. The genes cepA, cfiA, cfxA, tetQ, ermF(More)
Crude extracts (aerial parts and roots, both dried), methylenedioxyflavonol, and a mixture of acyl steryl glycosides isolated from Blutaparon portulacoides, were assayed for their toxicity against Trypanosoma cruzi trypomastigotes and Leishmania amazonensis amastigotes from axenic cultures. The antimicrobial activity was also investigated, in a screening(More)
Bacteroides fragilis is a minor component of the intestinal microbiota and the most frequently isolated from intra-abdominal infections and bacteremia. Previously, our group has shown that molecules involved in laminin-1 (LMN-1) recognition were present in outer membrane protein extracts of B. fragilis MC2 strain. One of these proteins was identified and(More)
The aim of this study was to characterize Ehrlichia canis strains from naturally infected dogs in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In addition, all the clinical and hematological findings observed in these dogs were reported. PCR targeting the 16S rRNA gene was used for diagnostic purposes, and the TRP19 and TRP36 genes were sequenced to evaluate the genetic(More)