Eliane Mohier

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We examined the role of Notch signaling on the generation of neurons and glia from neural stem cells by using neurospheres that are clonally derived from neural stem cells. Neurospheres prepared from Dll1(lacZ/lacZ) mutant embryos segregate more neurons at the expense of both oligodendrocytes and astrocytes. This mutant phenotype could be rescued when(More)
The expression of the fs(1)K10 gene is required in early oogenesis for the establishment of the dorsal-ventral polarity of the oocyte, and later in the embryo. P-element-mediated transformation shows that the K10 function is located within a fragment of DNA of 5 kb, which encodes four RNA species. A major transcript of 3.1 kb is likely to be responsible for(More)
The K10 female sterility locus involved in establishment of the embryonic dorsoventral axis maps genetically to the 2E2-2F1 interval of the Drosophila X chromosome. We microdissected the 2E2-2F3 region from salivary gland chromosomes and used clones obtained from the microdissected fragments to establish a chromosomal walk covering more than 200 kb. To(More)
In Drosophila, the establishment of dorsoventral polarity of the developing embryo depends on the expression of at least 11 maternally acting genes. Mutant females that lack any of these gene activities produce normally shaped eggs that develop into dorsalized embryos. The female sterile K10 mutation differs from these mutants, because in addition to the(More)
The four alfalfa mosaic virus RNAs (respectively 24 S, 20 S, 17 S and 12 S) have been used separately as messengers in two in vitro protein synthesizing systems: wheat germ and rabbit reticulocyte lysate. In both systems a polypeptide corresponding to the translation of the entire length of the RNA can be found for RNAs 24 S, 20 S and 12 S, but not for 17 S(More)
A mouse embryonic cDNA containing two opa-like (CAX)n repeats was isolated on the basis of its cross-hybridization with a Drosophila K10 cDNA. Such repeated sequences were present in different murine mRNAs, some of which were specifically expressed during fetal life or in different adult tissues. This suggests that, as already described for Drosophila,(More)
In a search for inducers of neuronal differentiation to treat neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, a series of indole fatty alcohols (IFAs) were prepared. 13c (n = 18) was able to promote the differentiation of neural stem cell derived neurospheres into neurons at a concentration of 10 nM. Analysis of the expression of the Notch pathway(More)
EGF-responsive C17 murine-derived neural stem cells (neurospheres) were grafted into the dentate gyrus of adult male rats after dentate granule cells lesions produced by colchicine injections. Behavioural performance was evaluated over two post-grafting periods, using tests sensitive to hippocampal dysfunctions. The first period began 1 month after grafting(More)