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Macrophages and dendritic cells (DC) play an essential role in the initiation and maintenance of immune response to pathogens. To analyze early interactions between Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) and immune cells, human peripheral blood monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) and monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MDDC) were infected with Mtb. Both cells were(More)
In order to understand the molecular basis of the synergistic action of interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) on rat oligodendrocyte development, we studied some aspects of the signalling pathways involved in the regulation of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I and the interferon regulatory factor 1(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the true incidence of vaginal vault prolapse after hysterectomy. STUDY DESIGN The records of 2,670 patients who had undergone hysterectomy between 1983 and 1987 were reviewed. From this population, 448 patients were selected for follow-up study. The mean follow-up phase was 11 years (range, 9-13). Patients were divided into two groups(More)
In humans, the type I interferon (IFN) family consists of 13 IFN-alpha subtypes, IFN-beta and IFN-omicron the newly discovered IFN-like family consists of IFN-lambda1, -lambda2 and -lambda3. We have investigated the expression of type I and lambda IFN genes following virus infections or Toll-like receptor (TLR) triggering in monocyte-derived DC (MDDC) and(More)
Plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) are crucial mediators in the establishment of immunity against most viruses, given their extraordinary capacity to produce a massive quantity of type I IFN. In this study we investigate the response of pDCs to infection with EBV, a γ-herpes virus that persists with an asymptomatic infection in immunocompetent hosts, although in(More)
Treatment of cells with interferons (IFNs) induces resistance to virus infection. The 2'-5'oligo A (2-5A) synthetase/RNase L is one of the pathways leading to translation inhibition induced by IFN treatment. A murine cDNA encoding the 43-kDa 2-5A synthetase was cloned and sequenced. NIH-3T3 cell clones transfected with this cDNA expressed the enzymatic(More)
Initially described for their antiviral activities, type I Interferons are now recognized as central regulatory elements of the immune response, primarily for their effect on the differentiation of monocytes into dendritic cells and osteoclasts. They are routinely used in clinic for the treatment of several diseases, including viral hepatitis, multiple(More)
A major challenge in tuberculosis (TB) is to improve current vaccination and therapeutic strategies and this requires a fine understanding of the mechanisms that mediate protection and pathogenesis. We need to discern how the host perceives Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection, what are the danger signals that activate the immune system and, in turn,(More)
Group I CD1 proteins are specialized antigen-presenting molecules that present both microbial and self lipid antigens to CD1-restricted alpha/beta T lymphocytes. The production of high levels of gamma interferon and lysis of infected macrophages by lipid-specific T lymphocytes are believed to play pivotal roles mainly in the defense against mycobacterial(More)