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To test whether African ancestry is protective for severe dengue, we genotyped 49 hospitalized cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) as well as 293 neighborhood cases of dengue fever and 294 asymptomatic controls in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Ancestry-informative markers and 282 unlinked SNPs not associated with the clinical presentation of dengue were used(More)
Leptospirosis is a globally distributed zoonosis of major public health importance and is associated with severe disease manifestations such as acute renal failure and pulmonary haemorrhage syndrome. However, the extent to which the pathogenesis of leptospirosis mimics sepsis caused by Gram-negative bacteria remains unknown. The aim of this study was to(More)
In this study, we compare the development of infection and/or disease in Beagle dogs intradermally infected with Leishmania chagasi, in the presence or absence of Lutzomyia longipalpis saliva, with those of intravenously infected animals. Spleen samples of all the animals inoculated with parasites had positive polymerase chain reaction tests for Leishmania(More)
Praziquantel has been used to treat schistosome infections since 1979 and currently is the only chemotherapeutic agent in production for this purpose, raising concerns about the potential for the emergence of drug resistance. In practice, 10-20% of infected patients will continue to excrete eggs after treatment. It is not understood to what degree this(More)
BACKGROUND Anti-C1q antibodies have been described in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) as well as in other connective tissue diseases. They have been considered as a marker for disease activity and presence of nephritis. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of anti-C1q antibodies in Brazilian lupus patients as well as analyze(More)
We evaluated the ability of naïve monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DC) to sensitize autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) to the schistosome vaccine candidate MAP4 using a priming in vitro (PIV) assay. MAP4 is a multiple antigen peptide containing B- and T-cell epitopes derived from the glycolytic enzyme triose phosphate isomerase. PBMC(More)
OBJECTIVE Reports have shown that anticardiolipin (aCL) antibodies present in patients with autoimmune diseases are dependent on the cofactor,beta2 glycoprotein I (beta2 GPI), as opposed to aCL antibodies seen in infectious diseases such as syphilis, HIV hepatitis C, etc. The assay for anti-beta2GPI antibodies has been reported to be more specific for(More)
The present investigation was performed to evaluate the susceptibility of seven clones isolated from the highly resistant Colombian strains, prototype of Biodeme Type III. Seven clones previously obtained, showed a phenotypic homogeneity and high similarity with the parental strain. Eight groups of 30 mice were inoculated with one of seven clones or the(More)
Leishmania infected of Lutzomyia spp. are rare in endemic areas. We tested the hypothesis that there is clustering of infected vectors by combining pinpoint capture with sensitive L. braziliensis kDNA minicircle specific PCR/dot blot in an endemic area in the State of Bahia. Thirty out of 335 samples (10 to 20 sand flies/sample; total of 4,027 female sand(More)
To identify genes associated with the clinical presentation of dengue, 50 cases of probable or possible dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), 236 dengue fever (DF), and 236 asymptomatic infections were genotyped for 593 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 56 genes across the type 1 interferon (IFN) response pathway as well as other important candidate(More)