Eliana Akamine

Learn More
Cardiovascular disease is less frequent in premenopausal women than in age-matched men or postmenopausal women. Moreover, the marked age-related decline in serum dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) level has been associated to cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of DHEA treatment on vascular function in ovariectomized rats.(More)
Epidemiological studies suggest that intrauterine undernutrition plays an important role in the development of arterial hypertension in adulthood. Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) have antioxidant properties that could improve redox-sensitive vascular changes associated with hypertension. The authors determined whether vitamins C(More)
OBJECTIVE Sexual dimorphism has been observed in arterial hypertension. Blood pressure levels are lower in female than in male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Angiotensin II (Ang II) plays a major role in the regulation of blood pressure. The aim of this study was to compare Ang II vascular reactivity and AT(1) and AT(2) receptor gene expression in(More)
OBJECTIVE We previously reported that intrauterine undernutrition increased the oxidative stress by decreasing superoxide dismutase activity. In the present study, we tested whether NADPH oxidase, xanthine oxidase, cyclooxygenase or nitric oxide synthase are responsible for the increased O(2)(-) generation observed in rats submitted to intrauterine(More)
Diabetes-induced vascular dysfunction has mainly been studied in males. However, the mechanisms involved may not correspond to those in females. Here we analyzed the effects of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4)) and chronic insulin on the physiology of mesenteric arterioles of alloxan-diabetic female rats. The parameters studied were the mesenteric arteriolar(More)
Maternal undernutrition during critical periods of organ development is known to impair fetal growth and predispose to the development of adulthood diseases, such as hypertension, coronary heart disease and type II diabetes that are linked to low birth weight and are characterized by endothelial dysfunction. Increased oxidative stress, in rats submitted to(More)
Besides the effects on peripheral energy homeostasis, insulin also has an important role in ovarian function. Obesity has a negative effect on fertility, and may play a role in the development of the polycystic ovary syndrome in susceptible women. Since insulin resistance in the ovary could contribute to the impairment of reproductive function in obese(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the effects of high-fat diet-induced obesity on vascular proinflammatory factors and oxidative stress on endothelium-dependent relaxation of the aorta. METHODS Female Swiss mice were submitted to a high-fat diet for 16 weeks. At the end of the experimental period, we evaluated blood pressure, relaxation in response to(More)
Overproduction of vasoconstrictor prostanoids and reduced prostacyclin levels have been related to the male diabetic-linked vascular dysfunction. However, it is not clear yet if these changes also occur in diabetic females. The aim of this study was to verify the role of prostanoids in the vascular dysfunction of diabetic female rats. The parameters studied(More)
AIMS Hypertension is associated with increased levels of circulating cytokines and recent studies have shown that innate immunity contributes to hypertension. The mechanisms which hypertension stimulates immune response remain unclear, but may involve formation of neo-antigens that activate the immune system. Toll like receptor 4 (TLR4) is an innate immune(More)