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Intoxication by methanol was identified in a five-week-old infant suffering from moderate metabolic acidosis. The initial serum methanol at admission was 1148 mg/dL as measured by gas chromatography. The osmolal gap and formic acid concentrations were consistent with methanol intoxication. The child was treated with folic acid and a continuous ethanol(More)
Craniopagus conjoining represents a complex and challenging issue for neurosurgeons as well as for anesthesiologists. A rare face-to-face case of conjoined twins underwent surgical separation and presented peculiar differences compared with those already reported in the literature. Even in cases lacking large cerebrovascular sinus connections, the impending(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of isoflurane-remifentanil and sevoflurane-remifentanil combinations during neurosurgical correction craniosynostosis. METHODS Twenty-two infants with craniosynostosis received a slow bolus of remifentanil followed by continuous infusion. The infants were randomly divided into two groups:(More)
The potential for using external applied energy to rectify or ameliorate musculoskeletal disorders has been explored for decades. A shock wave is a pressure disturbance: tissue effect is cavitation, producing microtrauma or microfracture and haematoma formation, inducing, as to date is thought, increase in vascularization, increased soft callus and faster(More)
The performance of the Microgenics CEDIA DAU assays for screening amphetamines, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, cocaine, opiates, phencylidine (PCP), and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) was evaluated on the Boehringer Mannheim/Hitachi 717 in urine. Limits of detection ranged from 0.6 ng/mL for PCP, to 34.1 ng/mL for benzodiazepines. The average within run and(More)
Interference by substances coeluting with targeted drugs is a general problem for gas chromatographic/mass spectrometric analysis of urine. To characterize these interferences, we examined human urine samples containing benzoylecgonine and fluconazole, and other drug combinations including deuterated internal standards that coelute (ISd,c) with target(More)
Damage to spinal cord and subsequent neurological deficit is a recognised complication of major spinal surgery. It may be produced by a number of causes, not last excessive stretching when surgical instrumentation is positioned; it is easy to understand that early intraoperative warning of potential damage is highly desiderable. Wake-up test is a simple,(More)
OBJECTIVE Aim of this review is to summarize the studies carried out, with particular interest in those who dealt with otilonium bromide in treatment of IBS. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). DISCUSSION IBS is a frequent gastrointestinal disease, characterized by a combination of several symptoms including abdominal pain or discomfort, flatulence and(More)
Acute diarrhea is a very common symptom, which may recognize different causes and is basically the expression of an altered homeostasis of the bowel, which overcame current classifications. When approaching patients with acute diarrhea, we should firstly check body temperature and vital parameters and secondly provide a general medical examination mainly(More)
A total of 2259 urine samples were assayed for lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) using radioimmunoassay (RIA, Coat-a-Count, Diagnostics Products) and a premarket cloned enzyme donor immunoassay (CEDIA, Boehringer Mannheim). Urine samples were obtained from patients admitted to the emergency room, patients in drug rehabilitation programs, and adults and(More)