Elia Beniash

Learn More
We have used the pH-induced self-assembly of a peptide-amphiphile to make a nanostructured fibrous scaffold reminiscent of extracellular matrix. The design of this peptide-amphiphile allows the nanofibers to be reversibly cross-linked to enhance or decrease their structural integrity. After cross-linking, the fibers are able to direct mineralization of(More)
Neural progenitor cells were encapsulated in vitro within a three-dimensional network of nanofibers formed by self-assembly of peptide amphiphile molecules. The self-assembly is triggered by mixing cell suspensions in media with dilute aqueous solutions of the molecules, and cells survive the growth of the nanofibers around them. These nanofibers were(More)
Estuaries are characterized by extreme fluctuations in CO(2) levels due to bouts of CO(2) production by the resident biota that exceed its capacity of CO(2) consumption and/or the rates of gas exchange with the atmosphere and open ocean waters. Elevated partial pressures of CO(2) (P(CO(2)); i.e. environmental hypercapnia) decrease the pH of estuarine waters(More)
Connexin43 (Cx43) has an important role in skeletal homeostasis, and Cx43 gene (Gja1) mutations have been linked to oculodentodigital dysplasia (ODDD), a human disorder characterized by prominent skeletal abnormalities. To determine the function of Cx43 at early steps of osteogenesis and its role in the ODDD skeletal phenotype, we have used the Dermo1(More)
Mineralized collagen fibrils constitute a basic structural unit of collagenous mineralized tissues such as dentin and bone. Understanding of the mechanisms of collagen mineralization is vital for development of new materials for the hard tissue repair. We carried out bio-inspired mineralization of reconstituted collagen fibrils using poly-l-aspartic acid,(More)
The continuing increase of carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the atmosphere leads to increases in global temperatures and partial pressure of CO2 (PCO2) in surface waters, causing ocean acidification. These changes are especially pronounced in shallow coastal and estuarine waters and are expected to significantly affect marine calcifiers including bivalves(More)
Dental enamel is comprised primarily of carbonated apatite, with less than 1% w/w organic matter and 4-5% w/w water. To determine the influence of each component on the microhardness and fracture toughness of rat incisor enamel, we mechanically tested specimens in which water and organic matrix were selectively removed. Tests were performed in mid-sagittal(More)
Enamel, the hardest tissue in the body, begins as a three-dimensional network of nanometer size mineral particles, suspended in a protein gel. This mineral network serves as a template for mature enamel formation. To further understand the mechanisms of enamel formation we characterized the forming enamel mineral at an early secretory stage using X-ray(More)
Unlike other mineralized tissues, mature dental enamel is primarily (> 95% by weight) composed of apatitic crystals and has a unique hierarchical structure. Due to its high mineral content and organized structure, enamel has exceptional functional properties and is the hardest substance in the human body. Enamel formation (amelogenesis) is the result of(More)
Amelogenin is the most abundant protein in developing dental enamel. It is believed to play an important role in the regulation of the growth and organization of enamel crystals. Amelogenin, unlike many other proteins found in biominerals, is mostly hydrophobic except for a 13 amino acid hydrophilic C-terminal domain. To clarify the role of amelogenin in(More)