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The prototypical photocatalyst TiO2 exists in different polymorphs, the most common forms are the anatase- and rutile-crystal structures. Generally, anatase is more active than rutile, but no consensus exists to explain this difference. Here we demonstrate that it is the bulk transport of excitons to the surface that contributes to the difference. Utilizing(More)
Solution-phase self-assembly of nanocrystals into mesoscale structures is a promising strategy for constructing functional materials from nanoscale components. Liquid environments are key to self-assembly since they allow suspended nanocrystals to diffuse and interact freely, but they also complicate experiments. Real-time observations with single-particle(More)
Two-dimensional Au islands of different thicknesses grown on graphene/Ru(0001) were used to study the corrugation of the moiréstructure of graphene/Ru(0001) and discriminate between its mainly structural or electronic character. A comparison of the apparent corrugation measured by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) for different Au thicknesses with(More)
Epitaxial transition metal films have recently been introduced as substrates for the scalable synthesis of transferable graphene. Here, real-time microscopy is used to study graphene growth on epitaxial Ru films on sapphire. At high temperatures, high-quality graphene grows in macroscopic (>100 μm) domains to full surface coverage. Graphene nucleation and(More)
Liquid eutectic Pt-Si droplets, migrating across a Si(100) surface due to an applied temperature gradient, interact measurably with surface steps. An analysis of the interaction yields a critical size of hundreds of nanometers below which droplets are constrained to move parallel to monolayer steps. Bunches of closely spaced steps are capable of guiding(More)
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