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We present a novel lossless (reversible) data-embedding technique, which enables the exact recovery of the original host signal upon extraction of the embedded information. A generalization of the well-known least significant bit (LSB) modification is proposed as the data-embedding method, which introduces additional operating points on the(More)
Several fragile watermarking schemes presented in the literature are either vulnerable to vector quantization (VQ) counterfeiting attacks or sacrifice localization accuracy to improve security. Using a hierarchical structure, we propose a method that thwarts the VQ attack while sustaining the superior localization properties of blockwise independent(More)
We describe an algorithm for detecting human faces and facial features, such as the location of the eyes, nose, and mouth. First, a supervised pixel-based color classiier is employed to mark all pixels that are within a prespeciied distance of \skin color," which is computed from a training set of skin patches. This color-classiication map is then smoothed(More)
This paper describes the design and development of a ping-pong robotic arm as an application of robotic vision. Displaced frame difference (DFD) is utilized to segment the ball motion from background motion. 3-D ball tracking using parametric calibration of single CCD camera is explained. This visual information is temporally updated and further employed to(More)
Image segmentation is a fundamental task in many computer vision applications. In this paper, we propose a new unsupervised color image segmentation algorithm, which exploits the information obtained from detecting edges in color images in the CIE L<sub>*</sub>a<sub>*</sub>b<sub>*</sub> color space. To this effect, by using a color gradient detection(More)
Neugebauer modeling plays an important role in obtaining end-to-end device characterization profiles for halftone color printer calibration. This paper proposes total least square (TLS) regression methods to estimate the parameters of various Neugebauer models. Compared to the traditional least squares (LS) based methods, the TLS approach is physically more(More)
A novel framework is proposed for lossless authentication watermarking of images which allows authentication and recovery of original images without any distortions. This overcomes a significant limitation of traditional authentication watermarks that irreversibly alter image data in the process of watermarking and authenticate the watermarked image rather(More)