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We have analyzed the plasminogen activator (PA) content of normal rodent mammary glands at different stages of the mammary life cycle and after exposing the animals to various hormones; we have also assessed the PA response of mammary explants to a variety of hormonal environments. Similar studies were performed on a limited number of primary mammary(More)
We have surveyed the early stages in the development and differentiation of cultured mouse embryos for plasminogen activator production. This enzyme is first detectable by the sixth equivalent gestation day. Thereafter, cultured blastocysts produce plasminogen activator with a biphasic time course: in the first phase, enzyme secretion rises to a maximum at(More)
The role of microenvironment interleukin 1 (IL-1) on 3-methylcholanthrene (3-MCA)-induced carcinogenesis was assessed in IL-1-deficient mice, i.e., IL-1beta(-/-), IL-1alpha(-/-), IL-1alpha/beta(-/-) (double knockout), and mice deficient in the naturally occurring inhibitor of IL-1, the IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra). Tumors developed in all wild-type(More)
The association of controlled extracellular proteolysis, mediated by plasminogen activator, with embryonic tissue remodeling and cell migration was studied in the developing bursa of Fabriculus of quail and chick embryos. We found: that the specific activity of plasminogen activator in the bursa changes as a function of developmental age; that these changes(More)
The human epidermoid carcinoma HEp3 exhibits highly malignant growth in chicken embryos that disappears progressively in cell culture. When studied by clonal analysis, loss of tumorigenicity was apparent within 20 generations and essentially complete after 40 generations in culture; affected all clones; and occurred under conditions which excluded the(More)
Plasminogen activator production by cultured mouse peritoneal macrophages can be modulated in vitro by low concentrations of various pharmacologically active molecules. Glucocorticoid hormones and their synthetic derivatives, as well as cholera toxin, colchicine, and vinblastine markedly inhibit production of this enzyme without affecting other important(More)
We have (a) screened a variety of cell lines and body fluids for plasminogen activators and (b) studied the activity of proteases bound to alpha2- macroglobulin after exposing the complexes to partial degradation and/or denaturing procedures to unmask proteolytic activity. The respective results show (a) that the plasminogen activators in urine and cell(More)
A substantial body of evidence now indicates that plasminogen activator (PA)' production is a responsive cellular function that can be modulated within wide limits by a variety of stimuli, including hormones, inflammatory agents, retinoids, and oncogenic factors (1-13). Although enzyme secretion is conspicuously associated with certain processes, such as(More)
A technique is described for detecting fibrinolytic activity of single cells in culture. This method was applied to the analysis of rat ovarian granulosa cells. Cells obtained from follicules shortly before ovulation show high levels of fibrinolytic activity. This activity is plasminogen-dependent, indicating that it is due to plasminogen activator. The(More)