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The nucleotide sequence of the human tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) gene has been established. A total of 36,594 base pairs (bp) was sequenced; this included 32,720 bp from the site of initiation of transcription to the polyadenylation site, in addition to 3,530 and 344 bp of 5' and 3' flanking DNA, respectively. Thirteen intervening sequences divide(More)
We have surveyed the early stages in the development and differentiation of cultured mouse embryos for plasminogen activator production. This enzyme is first detectable by the sixth equivalent gestation day. Thereafter, cultured blastocysts produce plasminogen activator with a biphasic time course: in the first phase, enzyme secretion rises to a maximum at(More)
Controlled extracellular proteolysis is catalyzed in part by the secretion of plasminogen activators. As a step in the study of the expression of these enzymes in mouse tissues, we have isolated five cDNAs encoding the mouse urokinase-type plasminogen activator from a cDNA library prepared with size-selected mRNA from MSV-transformed 3T3 cells. The longest(More)
We have analyzed the plasminogen activator (PA) content of normal rodent mammary glands at different stages of the mammary life cycle and after exposing the animals to various hormones; we have also assessed the PA response of mammary explants to a variety of hormonal environments. Similar studies were performed on a limited number of primary mammary(More)
A technique is described for detecting fibrinolytic activity of single cells in culture. This method was applied to the analysis of rat ovarian granulosa cells. Cells obtained from follicules shortly before ovulation show high levels of fibrinolytic activity. This activity is plasminogen-dependent, indicating that it is due to plasminogen activator. The(More)
In culture, vascular smooth muscle cells grow and form a confluent monolayer of cells. Under appropriate conditions, regions of the monolayer can be induced to draw away from the substrate and form multicellular nodules. The ultrastructure of the cells in the nodules appears to be similar to that of differentiated smooth muscle cells. The process of(More)
This paper describes an assay for direct measurement of plasminogen activation and its application for determining the kinetic constants and for screening potential inhibitors of the reaction. The assay is based on the conversion of the single chain of 125I-labelled plasminogen to the two chains of 125I-labelled plasmin (EC, the latter then being(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) includes a family of closely related genes; the two major agonistic proteins, IL-1α and IL-1β, are pleiotropic and affect mainly inflammation, immunity and hemopoiesis. The IL-1Ra antagonist is a physiological inhibitor of pre-formed IL-1. Recombinant IL-1α and IL-1β bind to the same receptors and induce the same biological functions.(More)