Eli N. Perencevich

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A meta-analysis was performed to summarize the impact of methicillin-resistance on mortality in Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia. A search of the MEDLINE database for studies published during the period of 1 January 1980 through 31 December 2000 and a bibliographic review identified English-language studies of S. aureus bacteremia. Studies were included if(More)
In much of the world antimicrobial drugs are sold without prescription or oversight by health-care professionals. The scale and effect of this practice is unknown. We systematically reviewed published works about non-prescription antimicrobials from 1970-2009, identifying 117 relevant articles. 35 community surveys from five continents showed that(More)
BACKGROUND The high prevalence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) has led clinicians to select antibiotics that have coverage against MRSA, usually vancomycin, for empiric therapy for suspected staphylococcal infections. Clinicians often continue vancomycin started empirically even when methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) strains are identified(More)
Quasi-experimental study designs, often described as nonrandomized, pre-post intervention studies, are common in the medical informatics literature. Yet little has been written about the benefits and limitations of the quasi-experimental approach as applied to informatics studies. This paper outlines a relative hierarchy and nomenclature of(More)
The impact of appropriate empirical antimicrobial therapy for Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteremia on patient outcomes has not been clearly established. We assessed the effect of appropriate empirical therapy on in-hospital mortality and length of stay (LOS) among patients with P. aeruginosa bacteremia. This was a retrospective cohort study of inpatients with(More)
BACKGROUND Patient-to-patient transmission of nosocomial pathogens has been linked to transient colonization of health care workers, and studies have suggested that contamination of health care workers' clothing, including white coats, may be a vector for this transmission. METHODS We performed a cross-sectional study involving attendees of medical and(More)
We performed a case-control study to evaluate the association between antibiotic use and Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD), matching for admission unit and time at risk for CDAD. A multivariable regression model showed that treatment with fluoroquinolones (odds ratio 12.7; 95% confidence interval 2.6 to 61.6) was the strongest risk factor for(More)
OBJECTIVE Hyperglycemia in intensive care unit patients has been associated with an increased mortality rate, and institutions have already begun tight glucose control programs based on a limited number of clinical trials in restricted populations. This study aimed to assess the generalizability of the association between hyperglycemia and in-hospital(More)
BACKGROUND Contact Precautions (CP) are a standard method for preventing patient-to-patient transmission of multiple drug-resistant organisms (MDROs) in hospital settings. With the ongoing worldwide concern for MDROs including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and broadened use of active surveillance programs, an increasing number of(More)
Quasi-experimental study designs, sometimes called nonrandomized, pre-post-intervention study designs, are ubiquitous in the infectious diseases literature, particularly in the area of interventions aimed at decreasing the spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Little has been written about the benefits and limitations of the quasi-experimental approach.(More)