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2-[(Diphenylmethyl) sulfinyl]acetamide (modafinil), prescribed principally to treat narcolepsy, is undergoing assessment for other neuropsychiatric disorders and medical conditions. The neurochemical substrates of modafinil are unresolved. We postulated that modafinil enhances wakefulness by modulating dopamine (DAT), norepinephrine (NET), or serotonin(More)
The E isomer of (123)I-2beta-carbomethoxy-3beta-(4-fluorophenyl)-N-(1-iodoprop-1-en-3-yl)nortropane (Altropane(R)) shows high affinity (IC(50) = 6.62 +/- 0.78 nmol) and selectivity (DA/5-HT = 25) for DAT sites in the striatum. Recently, dynamic SPECT studies in healthy volunteers and patients with Parkinson disease demonstrated that the kinetics of striatal(More)
Idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by loss of dopaminergic terminals in the basal ganglia. The cocaine analog, CFT (WIN 35,428), has been shown to bind selectively to the pre-synaptic dopamine transporters and thus represents an important probe for monitoring disease progression. In this study, we evaluated [11C] labeled CFT as a PET(More)
Although the cerebellum is increasingly being viewed as a brain area involved in cognition, it typically is excluded from circuitry considered to mediate stimulant-associated behaviors since it is low in dopamine. Yet, the primate cerebellar vermis (lobules II-III and VIII-IX) has been reported to contain axonal dopamine transporter immunoreactivity(More)
This study assessed striatal dopamine 1 (D1) receptor binding in patients with major depressive disorder and anger attacks (MDD+A) and healthy volunteers. We used positron emission tomography with [(11)C]SCH 23,390 to compare 10 patients with MDD+A to 10 healthy volunteers. [(11)C]SCH 23,390 binding in bilateral striata was significantly lower in the MDD+A(More)
BMS-181101 is a novel antidepressant drug that is currently under clinical investigation. The goal of this study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and receptor binding of this agent in the brains of healthy human volunteers. BMS-181101 was radiolabeled with 11C by methylation with [11C]CH3I of the 5-hydroxypiperazine precursor and the product was(More)
Viable dopamine neurons in Parkinson's disease express the dopamine transporter (DAT) and release dopamine (DA). We postulated that potent DAT inhibitors, with low affinity for the serotonin transporter (SERT), may elevate endogenously released extracellular dopamine levels to provide therapeutic benefit. The therapeutic potential of eight DAT inhibitors(More)
The dopamine transporter (DAT), located presynaptically on dopamine neurons, provides a marker for Parkinson's disease (Pd) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In ADHD, DAT density levels are elevated, while in Pd these levels are depleted. The depletion of DAT levels also corresponds with the loss of dopamine. We now describe the design,(More)
In the interest of developing in vivo positron emission tomography (PET) probes for neuroimaging of calcium channels, we have prepared a carbon-11 isotopologue of a dihydropyridine Ca2+-channel antagonist, isradipine. Desmethyl isradipine (4-(benzo[c][1,2,5]oxadiazol-4-yl)-5-(isopropoxycarbonyl)-2,6-dimethyl-1,4-dihydropyridine -3-carboxylic acid) was(More)
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