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Intercalation of metal atoms is an established route for tuning the coupling of graphene to a substrate. The extension to reactive species such as oxygen would set the stage for a wide spectrum of interfacial chemistry. Here we demonstrate the controlled modification of a macroscopic graphene-metal interface by oxygen intercalation. The selective oxidation(More)
Solution-phase self-assembly of nanocrystals into mesoscale structures is a promising strategy for constructing functional materials from nanoscale components. Liquid environments are key to self-assembly since they allow suspended nanocrystals to diffuse and interact freely, but they also complicate experiments. Real-time observations with single-particle(More)
Epitaxial transition metal films have recently been introduced as substrates for the scalable synthesis of transferable graphene. Here, real-time microscopy is used to study graphene growth on epitaxial Ru films on sapphire. At high temperatures, high-quality graphene grows in macroscopic (>100 μm) domains to full surface coverage. Graphene nucleation and(More)
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