Elfrides Eva Sherman Schapoval

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The alcoholic and n-butanolic extracts of dried leaves of Stachytarpheta cayennensis (L.C. Rich) Vahl (Verbenaceae) was assessed in antiinflammatory and antinociceptive models. Intraperitoneal pretreatment with the dried extracts at doses ranging from 100 to 200 mg/kg, significantly inhibited carrageenin inducing edema formation. The active extracts were(More)
This study reports the antimicrobial evaluation of the species most commonly used in Rio Grande do Sul (RS), the southernmost state of Brazil, for treating conditions likely to be associated with microorganisms. A four-stage process of documentation and evaluation was conducted: (a). review of RS ethnobotanical studies; (b). analysis of traditional uses;(More)
In view of the extensive use of Eugenia uniflora in folk medicine, different extracts of dried and fresh leaves of the plant were assayed to test its possible pharmacological activities. The infusion of fresh leaves had a highly significant anti-inflammatory effect when administered p.o. to rats 1 h before subplantar injection of carrageenin. The infusion(More)
A new bisindole alkaloid, 19,20-dihydroervahanine A was isolated from the stems of Ervatamia coronaria grown in Brazil, together with five known alkaloids: coronaridine, heyneanine, voacristine, voacamine, descarbomethoxyvoacamine and five phenolic acids: vanillic, gentisic, syringic, 4-hydroxybenzoic and salicylic acid. The aqueous and alcoholic extracts,(More)
The crude methanolic extracts of six species of Hypericum [H. caprifoliatum Cham. & Schlecht., H. carinatum Griseb., H. connatum Lam., H. ternum A. St. Hil., H. myrianthum Cham. & Schlecht. and H. polyanthemum Klotzsch ex Reichardt] growing in southern Brazil were analyzed for antimicrobial activity against several microorganisms (bacteria and fungi). The(More)
Thirty-seven species of medicinal plants used in folk phytotherapy were chemically screened for alkaloids, coumarins, flavonoids, anthraquinones, saponins, sterols and/or triterpenes and tannins. Seven of these were also screened for the presence of mutagenic activity using the Ames test (Salmonella/microsome).
The aqueous and ethanol extracts from the leaves of Gochnatia polymorpha and further fractions obtained from the latter extract using solvents with increasing polarity, including its aqueous residue and the amino acid, 4-hydroxy-N-methyl-proline were investigated by carrageenin-induced pedal oedema formation. It was shown that the aqueous and ethanol(More)
Alkoxyflavonols were synthesized by the Algar-Flynn-Oyamada (AFO) cyclization of chalcones. Hydroxyflavonols were prepared by dealkylation of methoxyflavonols by refluxing in hydroiodic acid. The alkoxyflavonols 3-hydroxy-2-(2,3,4-trimethoxyphenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (6), 2-(4-ethoxyphenyl)-3-hydroxy-4H-chromen-4-one (7),(More)
Mikania laevigata Schultz Bip. ex Baker, M. involucrata Hook. et Arn. and M. hirsutissima DC. (Asteraceae), commonly occurring in the southern Brazilian State of Rio Grande do Sul, were submitted to biological tests to evaluate their potential antiinflammatory activity. Decoctions from the leaves and stems were analysed by the induced rat paw oedema and(More)
The optimization of a microbiological assay, applying the cylinder-plate method, for the determination of the antifungal terbinafine hydrochloride is described. Using a strain of Aspergillus flavus ATCC 15546 as the test organism, terbinafine hydrochloride at concentrations ranging from 0.125 to 0.5 microg ml(-1) could be measured in tablets and creams. A(More)