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Ninety-three children in a primary school and 59 children in two first-year classes of a secondary school were asked individually to observe a paragraph of random letters arranged to resemble text, and to compare the perceptual effects on its clarity of coloured plastic sheets overlaid on the text. A total of 29 colours were compared using 10 coloured(More)
In four studies children were asked to read aloud a passage of randomly ordered common words with and without a coloured sheet of plastic (overlay) placed upon the page. The children's rate of reading increased with the overlay, for some children more than for others. The children were also asked to undertake a test of texture segmentation in which targets(More)
Due to the sensitive nature of the data gathered by many wireless sensor networks (WSNs) it is becoming critical that this data be protected. However, due to the constrained nature of the resources available on sensor nodes, traditional wireless networking security solutions are not viable due to their processing requirements, power consumption, speed and(More)
With the continual improvement in spatial resolution of Nuclear Medicine (NM) scanners, it has become increasingly important to accurately compensate for patient motion during image acquisition. Respiratory motion produced by normal lung ventilation is a major source of artefacts in NM emission imaging that can affect large parts of the abdominal thoracic(More)
One of the current major challenges in clinical imaging is modeling and prediction of respiratory motion, for example, in nuclear medicine or external-beam radio therapy. This paper presents preliminary work in developing a method for modeling and predicting the temporal behavior of the anterior surface position during respiration. This is achieved by(More)
This paper presents the implementation of power fluctuation compensation for an intensity-based optical fibre bending sensor aimed at monitoring human spine bending in a clinical environment. To compensate for the light intensity changes from the sensor light source, a reference signal was provided via the light reflection from an aluminum foil surface(More)
During recent decades, minimally invasive thermal treatments (i.e., Radiofrequency ablation, Laser ablation, Microwave ablation, High Intensity Focused Ultrasound ablation, and Cryo-ablation) have gained widespread recognition in the field of tumor removal. These techniques induce a localized temperature increase or decrease to remove the tumor while the(More)
Radiofrequency thermal ablation (RFTA) induces a high-temperature field in a biological tissue having steep spatial (up to 6°C∕mm) and temporal (up to 1°C∕s) gradients. Applied in cancer care, RFTA produces a localized heating, cytotoxic for tumor cells, and is able to treat tumors with sizes up to 3 to 5 cm in diameter. The online measurement of(More)
This paper gives an overview of the channel access methods of three wireless technologies that are likely to be used in the environment of vehicle networks: IEEE 802.15.4, IEEE 802.11 and Bluetooth. Researching the coexistence of IEEE 802.15.4 with IEEE 802.11 and Bluetooth, results of experiments conducted in a radio frequency anechoic chamber are(More)