Elerin Kärner

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Bone matrix production and mineralization involves sophisticated mechanisms, including the initial formation of an organic extracellular matrix into which inorganic hydroxyapatite crystals are later deposited. Human embryonic stem (hES) cells offer a potential to study early developmental processes and provide an unlimited source of cells. In this study,(More)
Characterization of directed differentiation protocols is a prerequisite for understanding embryonic stem cell behavior, as they represent an important source for cell-based regenerative therapies. Studies have investigated the osteogenic potential of human embryonic stem cells (HESCs), building upon those using pre-osteoblastic cells, however no consensus(More)
The variation of HoxB4 expression levels might be a key regulatory mechanism in the differentiation of human embryonic stem cell (hESC)-derived hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). In this study, hESCs ectopically expressing high and low levels of HoxB4 were obtained using lentiviral gene transfer. Quantification throughout differentiation revealed a steady(More)
Enhanced differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (HESCs), induced by genetic modification could potentially generate a vast number of diverse cell types. Such genetic modifications have frequently been achieved by over-expression of individual regulatory proteins. However, careful evaluation of the expression levels is critical, since this might have(More)
Endochondral bone formation is orchestrated by mesenchymal cell condensation to form cartilage anlagen, which act as a template for bone formation and eventual mineralization. The current study performed gene expression analysis to examine pre- and post-mineralization stages (E15 and E19) of endochondral bone formation, using fetal metatarsal long bones as(More)
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