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Sandfly fever and leishmaniasis were major causes of infectious disease morbidity among military personnel deployed to the Middle East during World War II. Recently, leishmaniasis has been reported in the United Nations Multinational Forces and Observers in the Sinai. Despite these indications of endemicity, no cases of sandfly fever and only 31 cases of(More)
A total of 7,809 patients with meningitis or encephalitis were admitted to the Abbassia Fever Hospital in Cairo, Egypt from November 1, 1966 to April 30, 1989. The etiology was Neisseria meningitidis (mostly group A) in 27.3% of the patients, Mycobacterium tuberculosis in 19.7%, Streptococcus pneumoniae in 7.3%, and Haemophilus influenzae in 4.1%. Almost(More)
The distribution of Phlebotomus papatasi in Southwest Asia is thought to be highly dependent on temperature and relative humidity. A discriminant analysis model based on weather data and reported vector surveys was developed to predict the seasonal and geographic distribution of P. papatasi in this region. To simulate global warming, temperature values for(More)
In a double-blind clinical study, 109 adult Egyptian patients infected with Shigella spp. and 45 infected with Salmonella spp. were randomly assigned to three treatment groups: 1) norfloxacin in a single 800-mg dose, 2) norfloxacin, 400 mg twice a day for three days, and 3) trimethoprim (160 mg)-sulfamethoxazole (800 mg) (TMP-SMX), twice a day for three(More)
BACKGROUND Comprehensive geriatric assessment and multidisciplinary intervention are of proven benefit in the care of older people. OBJECTIVE To determine whether patients' multidisciplinary needs in hospital can be met by current service provision. DESIGN A comprehensive census assessing the multidisciplinary needs of an entire inpatient population(More)
A prevalence study of 2072 male US shipboard military personnel scheduled for deployment to South America/West Africa and the Mediterranean was conducted to determine whether serologic evidence of prior hepatitis A, B, or C infection is associated with exposure in foreign countries. There were 210 subjects (10.1%) who had antibodies to hepatitis A virus(More)
A study was conducted to determine the risk of upper respiratory disease among deployed U.S. Navy shipboard personnel. Between January and June 1989, a Patient Encounter Form was used to collect disease information from 10 U.S. Navy ships. Patients with a diagnosis of upper respiratory infection (URI) on initial sick-call visit were used in this study.(More)