Eleonora Violetti

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Hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in the general population. In chronic renal failure (CRF), plasma homocysteine levels rise when the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is reduced 50%, and in uremia the majority of patients are hyperhomocysteinemic. The purpose of this study was to review possible mechanisms of homocysteine(More)
Hydrogen sulfide, H(2)S, is the third endogenous gas with cardiovascular properties, after nitric oxide and carbon monoxide. H(2)S is a potent vasorelaxant, and its deficiency is implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension and atherosclerosis. Cystathionine beta-synthase, cystathionine gamma-lyase, and 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase catalyze H(2)S(More)
BACKGROUND Hydrogen sulphide, H(2)S, is the third endogenous gas with putative cardiovascular properties, after nitric oxide and carbon monoxide. H(2)S is a vasorelaxant, while H(2)S deficiency is implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension and atherosclerosis. Cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS), cystathionine gamma-lyase (CSE) and 3-mercaptopyruvate(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent cardiovascular risk factor, according to most observational studies and to studies using the Mendelian randomization approach, utilizing the common polymorphism C677T of methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase. In contrast, the most recent secondary preventive intervention studies, in the general population and in chronic(More)
Sleeping disorders are very common in patients with chronic kidney disease on dialysis (CKD5D) and are an emerging risk factor able to predict mortality. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) although considered a pivotal uremic toxin has rarely been associated with sleep disorders in uremia. In a study from our laboratory PTH concentrations failed to distinguish(More)
OBJECTIVE Uremia represents a state where hyperhomocysteinemia is resistant to folate therapy, thus undermining intervention trials' efficacy. N-acetylcysteine (NAC), an antioxidant, in addition to folates (5-methyltetrahydrofolate, MTHF), was tested in a population of hemodialysis patients. DESIGN The study is an open, parallel, intervention study. (More)
Chronic renal failure (CRF) is frequently associated with increased plasma levels of homocysteine (Hcy), an amino acid that can be considered a new uremic toxin according to recent evidence. Studies on Hcy described first homocystinuria, an inherited disease characterized by high plasma Hcy levels and premature cardiovascular disease, resulting in high(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease (CKD) accelerates vascular stiffening related to age. Arterial stiffness may be evaluated measuring the carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) or more simply, as recommended by KDOQI, monitoring pulse pressure (PP). Both correlate to survival and incidence of cardiovascular disease. PWV can also be estimated on the(More)
OBJECTIVE Although there has been contrasting evidence for a causative role of parathyroid hormone (PTH) in sleep disorders in patients on maintenance hemodialysis, a recent study disclosed the possibility that this role might exist at least in patients requiring parathyroidectomy because of failure of medical therapy. The present study was devised to(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia, highly prevalent in well-nourished patients with chronic renal failure and in uremia, causes toxic effects that can be envisioned in terms of cardiovascular risk increase. However, its effects on cellular metabolism and on gene expression, not to mention receptor regulation, only recently are being evaluated. For example, it has been(More)
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