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Damage to nonmotor dopamine (DA)-mediated frontostriatal circuits has been proposed as the main pathophysiological basis of cognitive dysfunction in Parkinson's disease (PD). In the present study, 18 early nondemented drug naive PD patients were investigated, by dual-tracer N-ω-fluoropropyl-2β-carbomethoxy-3β-4-[123I]iodophenyl-nortropane ([123I]FP-CIT)(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the present study was to evaluate the reciprocal relationships between motor impairment, dopaminergic dysfunction, and cerebral metabolism (rCMRglc) in de novo Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. METHODS Twenty-six de novo untreated PD patients were scanned with (123)I-FP-CIT SPECT and (18)F-FDG PET. The dopaminergic impairment was(More)
PURPOSE The clinical potential of striatal imaging with dopamine transporter (DAT) SPECT tracers is hampered by the limited capability to recover activity concentration ratios due to partial volume effects (PVE). We evaluated the accuracy of a least squares method that allows retrieval of activity in regions of interest directly from projections (LS-ROI).(More)
We present here a direct least-squares estimation (DLSE) method for the determination of renal kinetic parameters from sequences of very fast acquisitions performed with a three-headed single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) system. A simple linear model for the behavior of the radiopharmaceutical, as well as a spatial model for its spatial(More)
In this paper, using a hybrid small-animal Micro SPECT/CT imaging system, we report that a new (125)I-Cilengitide-like RGD-cyclopentapeptide, containing d-morpholine-3-carboxylic acid, interacts in vivo with α(v)β(3) integrin expressed by melanoma cells. Images clearly show that the (125)I-compound has the capacity to monitor the growth of a melanoma(More)
18F-FDG PET/CT plays a crucial role in the diagnosis and management of patients with head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC). The major clinical applications of this method include diagnosing an unknown primary tumour, identifying regional lymph node involvement and distant metastases, and providing prognostic information. 18F-FDG PET/CT is also used for(More)
We measured by ultrasound the spleen, the kidneys, the pancreas in 323 children (age 0-12), the thyroid in 60 children of same age range, and all these organs in 180 adults (in adults we measured additionally the testis, the gallbladder and the choledochus). Children and adults were all healthy, without evidence of pathologies potentially involving these(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to compare surface imaging, portal imaging, and skin marker set-up in radiotherapy of thoracic and pelvic regions, using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data as the gold standard. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twenty patients were included in this study. CBCT, surface acquisition (SA), and two orthogonal portal images (PI) were(More)
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S) Due to its anti-inflammatory, antifibrotic and antineoplastic properties, the PPAR-γ agonist rosiglitazone is of interest in the prevention and therapy of radiation-induced pulmonary injury. We evaluated the radioprotective effects of rosiglitazone in a murine model of pulmonary damage to determine whether radioprotection was selective(More)
This study deals with the role of texture analysis as a predictive factor of radiation-induced insufficiency fractures in patients undergoing pelvic radiation. This study aims to assess the texture analysis (TA) of computed tomography (CT) simulation scans as a predictive factor of insufficiency fractures (IFs) in patients with pelvic malignancies(More)