Eleonora S. Imasheva

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Energy transfer from light-harvesting carotenoids to chlorophyll is common in photosynthesis, but such antenna pigments have not been observed in retinal-based ion pumps and photoreceptors. Here we describe xanthorhodopsin, a proton-pumping retinal protein/carotenoid complex in the eubacterium Salinibacter ruber. The wavelength dependence of the rate of(More)
Homologous to bacteriorhodopsin and even more to proteorhodopsin, xanthorhodopsin is a light-driven proton pump that, in addition to retinal, contains a noncovalently bound carotenoid with a function of a light-harvesting antenna. We determined the structure of this eubacterial membrane protein-carotenoid complex by X-ray diffraction, to 1.9-A resolution.(More)
In xanthorhodopsin, a retinal protein-carotenoid complex of Salinibacter ruber, the carotenoid salinixanthin functions as a light-harvesting antenna in supplying additional excitation energy for retinal isomerization and proton transport. Another retinal protein, archaerhodopsin, has been shown to contain a carotenoid, bacterioruberin, but without an(More)
The pH dependence of the rate constant of dark adaptation (thermal isomerization from all-trans- to 13-cis-bR) drastically changes when Arg82 of bacteriorhodopsin is replaced by an alanine. In the wild type (WT) the rate decreases sharply between pH 2.5 and pH 5. In R82A the sharp decrease is shifted to pH > 7. This correlates with the shift in the pK of(More)
We show that salinixanthin, the light-harvesting carotenoid antenna of xanthorhodopsin, can be reconstituted into the retinal protein from Gloeobacter violaceus expressed in Escherichia coli. Reconstitution of gloeobacter rhodopsin with the carotenoid is accompanied by characteristic absorption changes and the appearance of CD bands similar to those(More)
The cell membrane of Salinibacter ruber contains xanthorhodopsin, a light-driven transmembrane proton pump with two chromophores: a retinal and the carotenoid, salinixanthin. Action spectra for transport had indicated that light absorbed by either is utilized for function. If the carotenoid is an antenna in this protein, its excited state energy has to be(More)
Xanthorhodopsin is a light-driven proton pump in the extremely halophilic bacterium Salinibacter ruber. Its unique feature is that besides retinal it has a carotenoid, salinixanthin, with a light harvesting function. Tight and specific binding of the carotenoid antenna is controlled by binding of the retinal. Addition of all-trans retinal to xanthorhodopsin(More)
Xanthorhodopsin of the extremely halophilic bacterium Salinibacter ruber represents a novel antenna system. It consists of a carbonyl carotenoid, salinixanthin, bound to a retinal protein that serves as a light-driven transmembrane proton pump similar to bacteriorhodopsin of archaea. Here we apply the femtosecond transient absorption technique to reveal the(More)
To explore the role of Arg82 in the catalysis of proton transfer in bacteriorhodopsin, we replaced Arg82 with Lys, which is also positively charged at neutral pH but has an intrinsic pKa of about 1.7 pH units lower than that of Arg. In the R82K mutant expressed in Halobacterium salinarium, we found the following: (1) The pKa of the purple-to-blue transition(More)
One of the distinctive features of eubacterial retinal-based proton pumps, proteorhodopsins, xanthorhodopsin, and others, is hydrogen bonding of the key aspartate residue, the counterion to the retinal Schiff base, to a histidine. We describe properties of the recently found eubacterium proton pump from Exiguobacterium sibiricum (named ESR) expressed in(More)