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Pemphigus includes a group of autoimmune bullous diseases with intraepithelial lesions involving the skin and Malpighian mucous membranes. Pemphigus vulgaris (PV), the most frequent and representative form of the group, is a prototypical organ-specific human autoimmune disorder with a poor prognosis in the absence of medical treatment. The pathomechanism of(More)
BACKGROUND There have been reports suggesting the involvement of environmental factors in the disease process of pemphigus. Factors suggested include exposure to pesticides or certain drugs. OBJECTIVE To analyze the association of pemphigus with environmental exposure to various agents, including smoking, recreational and occupational insults, drugs, and(More)
Lymphedema is the result of accumulation of protein-rich interstitial fluid (lymph stasis) caused by a failure of lymph drainage in the face of a normal capillary filtration. Whether the origin is congenital or acquired from infection, radiation, trauma, or surgery, chronic lymph stasis impairs local immune surveillance by disrupting trafficking of the(More)
The term pemphigoids includes a group of autoimmune bullous diseases characterized by subepidermal blistering. Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is not only the most common disorder within the pemphigoid group, but also represents the most frequent autoimmune blistering disease in general. The onset and course of BP depend on a variable interaction between(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the different vascular structures seen by dermoscopy and to evaluate their association with various melanocytic and nonmelanocytic skin tumors in a large series of cases. DESIGN Digital dermoscopic images of the lesions were evaluated for the presence of various morphologic types of vessels. SETTING Specialized university clinic.(More)
Pyoderma gangrenosum is a rare, ulcerative, cutaneous condition. First described in 1930, the pathogenesis of pyoderma gangrenosum remains unknown, but it is probably related to a hyperergic reaction. There are various clinical and histological variants of this disorder. Pyoderma gangrenosum often occurs in association with a systemic disease such as(More)
BACKGROUND Dermoscopy used by experts has been demonstrated to improve the diagnostic accuracy for melanoma. However, little is known about the diagnostic validity of dermoscopy when used by nonexperts. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the diagnostic performance of nonexperts using a new 3-point checklist based on a simplified dermoscopic pattern analysis. METHODS(More)
Neuroepidermal tropism of varicella-zoster virus accounts for cutaneous and nerve lesions following herpes zoster. Skin lesions heal in a few weeks and may or may not leave visible scars. Nerve lesions involve peripheral sensory fibres, sometimes causing permanent damage that results in partial denervation of the affected dermatome. The effects of the nerve(More)
The history of contact dermatitis (CD) is inseparable from the history of the patch test, and the patch test is inseparable from the pioneer in the field, Josef Jadassohn (1860-1936). Despite the fact that we have been diagnosing, treating, and investigating the condition for more than 100 years, there are still many unsolved questions and controversies,(More)
BACKGROUND Captopril is an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor with sulphydryl groups in its chemical structure. It is commonly used as an antihypertensive drug. The occurrence of pemphigus vulgaris has repeatedly been reported in patients receiving captopril. The capacity of captopril and pemphigus serum to induce acantholysis, in vivo or in vitro, has(More)