Eleonora Cella

Learn More
West Nile virus (WNV) was first isolated in Uganda. In Europe WNV was sporadically detected until 1996, since then the virus has been regularly isolated from birds and mosquitoes and caused several outbreaks in horses and humans. Phylogenetic analysis showed two main different WNV lineages. The lineage 1 is widespread and segregates into different subclades(More)
To characterise the pathogenetic and prognostic features of lacunar infarcts, 88 patients with these infarcts were compared with 103 patients with non-lacunar infarcts. Potential cardioembolic sources were significantly more frequent among patients with non-lacunar infarcts (p = 0.0025). Although the prevalence of hypertension was higher among lacunar(More)
Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) genotype 4 predominates in Middle East and Central Africa countries. Recently, it has become also prevalent in Southern European countries where it is thought to have been introduced through immigration and the movement of intravenous drug users. In Italy, the prevalence of genotype 4 is particularly high (4.5%) in Southern regions,(More)
Chikungunya virus is a mosquito-transmitted alphavirus that causes chikungunya fever, a febrile illness associated with severe arthralgia and rash. Chikungunya virus is transmitted by culicine mosquitoes; Chikungunya virus replicates in the skin, disseminates to liver, muscle, joints, lymphoid tissue and brain, presumably through the blood. Phylogenetic(More)
BACKGROUND Zika virus (ZIKV), first isolated in Uganda in 1947, is currently spreading rapidly through South America and the Caribbean. In Brazil, infection has been linked with microcephaly and other serious complications, leading to declaration of a public health emergency of international concern; however, there currently are only limited data on the(More)
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an arthropod-borne virus of the Alphavirus genus, which is transmitted to humans by Aedes spp. mosquitoes and was firstly identified in Tanzania in the mid 1950s. In this article, the findings of a phylogenetic and phylogeographic analysis of the recent CHIKV pandemic are reported. We estimated time of origin of the ancestral(More)
This study, through a phylogenetic analysis, is aimed to identify potential epidemiological networks and sequence interrelationships between acute/early and chronic infections in both drug-naïve and drug-experienced individuals within a local, well-defined setting and to investigate the population dynamics of transmitted resistance and the potential(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is one of the most genetically variable human viruses as it is characterized by high rates of mutation, viral replication, and recombination. Phylodynamics is a powerful means of describing the behavior of an infection as a combination of evolutionary and ecological processes. Only a few studies of HIV-1 molecular(More)
The incidence of acute hepatitis B (AHB) in Italy, mostly sustained by hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotype D, has significantly decreased in the last two decades, but the new HBV strains introduced through immigrant populations from countries with a higher endemicity constitute a new emergency. HBV-genotype D still predominates in AHB, the subgenotype D3 being(More)
The worldwide distributed Hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotype A is classified into three subgenotypes, and one quasi-subgenotype. The majority of HBV-A subgenotypes are widespread in Africa and in ethnic groups that have relatively recently emigrated from African countries, whereas HBV-A2 is highly prevalent among subjects at high risk for sexual exposure to(More)