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Three forms of serpinin peptides, serpinin (Ala26Leu), pyroglutaminated (pGlu)-serpinin (pGlu23Leu), and serpinin-Arg-Arg-Gly (Ala29Gly), are derived from cleavage at pairs of basic residues in the highly conserved C terminus of chromogranin A (CgA). Serpinin induces PN-1 expression in neuroendocrine cells to up-regulate granule biogenesis via a(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate whether obestatin (OB), a peptide mediator encoded by the ghrelin gene exerting a protective effect in ischemic reperfused heart, is able to reduce cardiac dysfunctions in adult diabetic rats. METHODS Diabetes was induced by STZ injection (50 mg/kg) in Wistar rats (DM). OB was administered (25 μg/kg)(More)
The Chromogranin A (CgA)-derived anti-hypertensive peptide catestatin (CST) antagonizes catecholamine secretion, and is a negative myocardial inotrope acting via a nitric oxide-dependent mechanism. It is not known whether CST contributes to ischemia/reperfusion injury or is a component of a cardioprotective response to limit injury. Here, we tested whether(More)
Human follicle dermal papilla cells (FDPC) are a specialized population of mesenchymal cells located in the skin. They regulate hair follicle (HF) development and growth, and represent a reservoir of multipotent stem cells. Growing evidence supports the hypothesis that HF cycling is associated with vascular remodeling. Follicular keratinocytes release(More)
Obestatin, a newly discovered peptide encoded by the ghrelin gene, induces the expression of genes regulating pancreatic beta-cell differentiation, insulin biosynthesis, and glucose metabolism. It also activates antiapoptotic signaling pathways such as phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and ERK1/2 in pancreatic beta-cells and human islets. Since these kinases(More)
Catestatin (Cst) is a 21-amino acid peptide deriving from Chromogranin A. Cst exerts an overall protective effect against an excessive sympathetic stimulation of cardiovascular system, being able to antagonize catecholamine secretion and to reduce their positive inotropic effect, by stimulating the release of nitric oxide (NO) from endothelial cells.(More)
AIMS Catestatin (CST) is a chromogranin A (CgA)-derived peptide (hCgA352-372) with three identified human variants (G364S/P370L/R374Q-CST) that show differential potencies towards the inhibition of catecholamine release. Although CST affects several cardiovascular parameters, the mechanisms underlying CST action in the heart have remained elusive.(More)
The present review is focused on the dual role played by platelet-activating factor (PAF) in ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury of the heart. Although the involvement of PAF in the pathogenesis of myocardial reperfusion injury is well established, in the last few years it has emerged that very low concentrations of PAF exert cardioprotective effects,(More)
The involvement of Chromogranin A (CgA) in the cardiovascular function regulation is attributed to its function as a prohormone. Several studies indicated that CgA-derived peptides, particularly Vasostatin-1 (VS-1) and Catestatin (CST), exert signaling effects in numerous organs/systems, including the cardiovascular system. This review focuses on the(More)
Angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessel networks from existing capillary or post-capillary venules, is an intrinsically multiscale process occurring in several physio-pathological conditions. In particular, hypoxic tissue cells activate downstream cascades culminating in the secretion of a wide range of angiogenic factors, including VEGF isoforms.(More)