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Although the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has improved substantially in the past three decades, more than half of all patients develop disease that is refractory to intensive chemotherapy. Functional genomics approaches offer a means to discover specific molecules mediating the aberrant growth and survival of cancer cells. Thus, using a(More)
MSI2 is highly expressed in human myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines, and high expression of MSI2 mRNA is associated with decreased survival in AML, suggesting its use as a new prognostic marker. To test this, we measured MSI2 protein level by immunohistochemistry in 120 AML patients. Most cases (70%) showed some nuclear or cytoplasmic positivity, but the(More)
PURPOSE Advanced systemic mastocytosis (SM), a fatal hematopoietic malignancy characterized by drug resistance, has no standard therapy. The effectiveness of allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (alloHCT) in SM remains unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS In a global effort to define the value of HCT in SM, 57 patients with the following subtypes(More)
Quantum dots (QDs) are novel nanocrystal fluorophores with extremely high fluorescence efficiency and minimal photobleaching. They also possess a constant excitation wavelength together with sharp and symmetrical tunable emission spectra. These unique optical properties make them near-perfect fluorescent markers and there has recently been rapid development(More)
Constitutive heterozygous GATA2 mutation is associated with deafness, lymphedema, mononuclear cytopenias, infection, myelodysplasia (MDS), and acute myeloid leukemia. In this study, we describe a cross-sectional analysis of 24 patients and 6 relatives with 14 different frameshift or substitution mutations of GATA2. A pattern of dendritic cell, monocyte, B,(More)
Gene expression mapping using microarray analysis has identified useful gene signatures for predicting outcome. However, little of this has been translated into clinically effective diagnostic tools as microarrays require high quality fresh-frozen tissue samples. We describe a methodology of multiplexed in situ hybridization (ISH) using a novel combination(More)
Gene expression profiling has identified several potentially useful gene signatures for predicting outcome or for selecting targeted therapy. However, these signatures have been developed in fresh or frozen tissue, and there is a need to apply them to routinely processed samples. Here, we demonstrate the feasibility of a potentially high-throughput(More)
BACKGROUND Reduced intensity conditioning regimens permit the delivery of a potentially curative graft-versus-leukemia effect in older patients with acute myeloid leukemia. Although T-cell depletion is increasingly used to reduce the risk of graft-versus-host disease its impact on the graft-versus-leukemia effect and long-term outcome post-transplant is(More)
DLIs are frequently used following haematopoietic SCT (HSCT) in patients with risk of relapse but data on GVHD following DLI are scarce. We report on 68 patients who received DLI following HSCT. Most patients developed GVHD following DLI (71%), which was acute in 22 patients (32%) almost half of whom had grade III-IV acute GVHD (aGVHD). Thirty patients(More)
Littoral cell angioma (LCA) is a rare benign tumour of the spleen. We describe a patient with aplastic anaemia who, following multiple treatments with rabbit and horse Anti-Thymocyte Globulin and anabolic steroids developed marked splenomegaly and hypersplenism. LCA was diagnosed post splenectomy. This is the first case of LCA associated with aplastic(More)