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BACKGROUND Breast cancer incidence is currently low in China. However, the distribution of reproductive and lifestyle risk factors for breast cancer among Chinese women is changing rapidly. We quantified the expected effect of changes in breast cancer risk factors on future rates of breast cancer in China. METHODS We first validated and calibrated the(More)
BACKGROUND Glioma is a rapidly progressive disease, and little is known about its etiology. Atopic diseases are on the rise in western populations, with increasing interest on their long-term health consequences. An inverse association between atopy and the risk of glioma has been observed. We carried out a meta-analysis of studies examining the association(More)
BACKGROUND Adolescence may be a period of increased susceptibility to breast cancer due to regular division of undifferentiated cells that occurs between puberty and first birth. Red meat consumption during early adult life has been associated with breast cancer, but intake during adolescence has not been examined prospectively. We aimed to assess the(More)
OBJECTIVE To synthesise the literature on indoor tanning and non-melanoma skin cancer. DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES PubMed (1966 to present), Embase (1974 to present), and Web of Science (1898 to present). STUDY SELECTION All articles that reported an original effect statistic for indoor tanning and non-melanoma skin cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Although the association between adult diet and breast cancer has been investigated extensively, large prospective studies have generally not shown a direct link between intakes of carbohydrate, fat, fiber, and other nutrients and risk of breast cancer. Adolescence may be a period of increased susceptibility to risk factors that predispose to(More)
Sun protection is recommended for skin cancer prevention, yet little is known about the role of sun protection on vitamin D levels. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between different types of sun protective behaviors and serum 25(OH)D levels in the general US population. Cross-sectional, nationally representative survey of 5,920 adults aged 18–60(More)
For most cutaneous basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas (nonmelanoma skin cancers [NMSC]) data are insufficient to permit evidence-based choices among treatments. To compare tumor recurrence after treatments, we conducted a prospective cohort study of consecutive patients with primary NMSC treated with the most common treatments in two practices in(More)
INTRODUCTION Increased rates of cardiovascular disease are implicated in several rheumatologic diseases. Our aim was to characterize dermatomyositis hospitalizations and evaluate cardiovascular-associated mortality in this patient population. METHODS We examined the frequency and mortality rates of several atherosclerotic cardiovascular diagnoses and(More)
OBJECTIVES To draw attention to sex related disparities in academic medical leadership by investigating the representation of female leaders compared with leaders with moustaches. DESIGN Cross sectional analysis. SETTING Academic medical departments in the United States. PARTICIPANTS Clinical department leaders (n=1018) at the top 50 US medical(More)