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Presence of a nasogastric tube is a risk factor for the development of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Alternatively, gastrostomy can be used for administration of enteral feedings. To determine whether early performance of gastrostomy affects frequency of VAP, a randomised, controlled study was carried out in patients mechanically ventilated for(More)
A randomised double-blind placebo-controlled study was designed to evaluate the effects of a semisynthetic macrolide antibiotic, clarithromycin, on bronchial hyperresponsiveness to methacholine in patients with a diagnosis of asthma. Adult asthma patients undergoing treatment with budesonide 400 microg b.i.d. and salbutamol 200 microg p.r.n. less than twice(More)
Nocturnal enuresis has been associated with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea and may resolve after adenotonsillectomy. Nasal corticosteroids have improved symptoms and polysomnography findings in children with snoring. Two children with primary nocturnal enuresis, chronic nasal obstruction, and loud snoring underwent polysomnography. The apnea-hypopnea(More)
Obstructive sleep-disordered breathing is associated with cardiovascular disease in adults, and elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) has been proposed as a link between the two disorders. We hypothesized that children with sleep-disordered breathing have higher CRP values than do control subjects. CRP was measured in 39 children (mean age +/- SD: 6.9 +/- 3.2(More)
Nasal corticosteroids improve polysomnography indices but not symptoms in children with mild to moderate sleep-disordered breathing. We hypothesized that administration of nasal corticosteroids for 4 weeks to snoring children with only mild elevation in their apnea-hypopnea index would improve both polysomnography findings and symptoms of sleep-disordered(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Obstructive sleep-disordered breathing is accompanied by episodic increases in left ventricle afterload due to large negative swings in intrathoracic pressure and repetitive surges in arterial pressure. Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is released by ventricular myocytes in response to pressure and volume overload. It was hypothesized that(More)
A positive correlation of severity of sleep-disordered breathing with morning fasting insulin levels, which is independent of obesity, was reported in adults and obese children. We hypothesized that both severity of sleep-disordered breathing and relative body mass index predict fasting insulin and homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) index values in(More)
greatest cause of mortality from cardiovascular disease, after myocardial infarction and cerebrovascular stroke. From hospital epidemiological data it has been calculated that the incidence of PE in the USA is 1 per 1,000 annually. The real number is likely to be larger, since the condition goes unrecognised in many patients. Mortality due to PE has been(More)
BACKGROUND Although obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is related to dyslipidemia in adults, limited data are available regarding its effects on serum lipids during childhood. Aim of this study was to assess the potential relationships between severity of OSA and cholesterol or triglyceride levels in a cohort of Greek children. METHODS Data from children with(More)
Elevated fibrinogen level is a predictor of cardiovascular disease in adults, and it is associated with sleep-disordered breathing. Levels of fibrinogen in adults are affected by other co-existing cardiovascular risk factors, which are not usually present in children. To investigate the association between fibrinogen and sleep-disordered breathing, a(More)