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BACKGROUND Evaluation of mental health services based on patients' needs assessments has never taken place in Greece, although it is a crucial factor for the efficient use of their limited resources. AIM To examine the inter-rater and test-retest reliability and the concurrent/convergent validity of the Greek research version of the Camberwell Assessment(More)
Sleep apnea is a common respiratory disorder during sleep, which is described as a cessation of airflow to the lungs that lasts at least for 10 s and is associated with at least 4% drop in blood's oxygen saturation level (S(a)O(2)). The current gold standard method for sleep apnea assessment is full-night polysomnography (PSG). However, its high cost,(More)
We used proportional assist ventilation (PAV) to evaluate the sources of respiratory drive during sleep. PAV increases the slope of the relation between tidal volume (VT) and respiratory muscle pressure output (Pmus). We reasoned that if respiratory drive is dominated by chemical factors, progressive increase of PAV gain should result in only a small(More)
The ventilator's response to the patient's effort is quite different in proportional assist ventilation (PAV) and pressure support ventilation (PSV). We wished to determine whether this results in different ventilatory and breathing pattern responses to alterations in level of support and, if so, whether there are any gas exchange consequences. Fourteen(More)
In conscious normal humans after a brief hypoxic ventilatory stimulus, ventilation slowly decays to baseline and does not undershoot though the subjects are hyperoxic and hypocapnic. This phenomenon is attributed to short-term poststimulus potentiation (STP), which may be an important factor promoting ventilatory stability by preventing periodic breathing.(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) can affect up to 4-5% of patients with acute pulmonary embolism. It is likely an underdiagnosed entity. Misdiagnosis is common because patients often present with nonspecific symptoms of pulmonary hypertension. Early diagnosis may help improve the outcome, as CTEPH is potentially(More)
In this article, a novel technique for assessment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) during wakefulness is proposed; the technique is based on tracheal breath sound analysis of normal breathing in upright sitting and supine body positions. We recorded tracheal breath sounds of 17 non-apneic individuals and 35 people with various degrees of severity of OSA in(More)
The development of polio vaccines 50 yr ago essentially halted childhood polio epidemics in the industrialized world. During the past quarter century, a constellation of delayed neuromuscular symptoms, called postpolio syndrome, became recognized among the aging polio survivors. The prevalence of postpolio syndrome in the U.S. population is estimated to be(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the circulatory and respiratory effects of extrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEPe) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and dynamic hyperinflation during controlled mechanical ventilation. DESIGN Different levels of PEEPe were applied randomly in mechanically ventilated patients with COPD and(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES The economic cost of performing sleep monitoring at home is a major deterrent to adding sleep data during home studies for investigation of sleep apnea and to investigating non-respiratory sleep complaints. Michele Sleep Scoring System (MSS) is a validated automatic system that utilizes central electroencephalography (EEG) derivations and(More)