Eleni Giannouli

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The ventilator's response to the patient's effort is quite different in proportional assist ventilation (PAV) and pressure support ventilation (PSV). We wished to determine whether this results in different ventilatory and breathing pattern responses to alterations in level of support and, if so, whether there are any gas exchange consequences. Fourteen(More)
Sleep apnea is a common respiratory disorder during sleep, which is described as a cessation of airflow to the lungs that lasts at least for 10 s and is associated with at least 4% drop in blood’s oxygen saturation level (SaO2). The current gold standard method for sleep apnea assessment is full-night polysomnography (PSG). However, its high cost,(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) can affect up to 4-5% of patients with acute pulmonary embolism. It is likely an underdiagnosed entity. Misdiagnosis is common because patients often present with nonspecific symptoms of pulmonary hypertension. Early diagnosis may help improve the outcome, as CTEPH is potentially(More)
We used proportional assist ventilation (PAV) to evaluate the sources of respiratory drive during sleep. PAV increases the slope of the relation between tidal volume (VT) and respiratory muscle pressure output (Pmus). We reasoned that if respiratory drive is dominated by chemical factors, progressive increase of PAV gain should result in only a small(More)
BACKGROUND Evaluation of mental health services based on patients' needs assessments has never taken place in Greece, although it is a crucial factor for the efficient use of their limited resources. AIM To examine the inter-rater and test-retest reliability and the concurrent/convergent validity of the Greek research version of the Camberwell Assessment(More)
In conscious normal humans after a brief hypoxic ventilatory stimulus, ventilation slowly decays to baseline and does not undershoot though the subjects are hyperoxic and hypocapnic. This phenomenon is attributed to short-term poststimulus potentiation (STP), which may be an important factor promoting ventilatory stability by preventing periodic breathing.(More)
In this article, a novel technique for assessment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) during wakefulness is proposed; the technique is based on tracheal breath sound analysis of normal breathing in upright sitting and supine body positions. We recorded tracheal breath sounds of 17 non-apneic individuals and 35 people with various degrees of severity of OSA in(More)
Mental health nurses play a key role in maintaining the safety of patients, themselves, and others during hospitalization. The aim of the research was to evaluate the safety measures that are taken by mental health nurses to identify the security policies that exist in acute mental health wards. The Ward Safety and Security Rules Survey was used as a method(More)
RATIONALE Automatic scoring of polysomnography records offers many advantages, but excessive editing time seriously limits its use. OBJECTIVES To identify reasons for excessive editing time, and the clinical utility of such editing, and to develop an approach to optimize the editing process. METHODS Forty-two polysomnograms scored manually were scored(More)