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BACKGROUND In the fight against cancer, new drug delivery systems are attractive to improve drug targeting of tumors, maximize drug potency, and minimize systemic toxicity. We studied a new drug delivery system comprising microspheres, with unique properties allowing delivery of large amounts of drugs to tumors for a prolonged time, thereby decreasing(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether C-arm dual-phase cone-beam computed tomography (CT) performed during transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) with doxorubicin-eluting beads can help predict tumor response at 1-month follow-up in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS This prospective study was compliant with HIPAA and(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively assess serial changes in contrast material-enhanced and diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging values within 1 month after transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional review board approval was obtained for this prospective(More)
Our objective was to evaluate the role of echoplanar diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps in the assessment of response of uterine fibroids and myometrium to uterine fibroid embolization (UFE). We evaluated 32 fibroids in 11 patients treated with UFE. Treated lesions had low ADC values compared to untreated lesions.(More)
PURPOSE To assess the utility of functional contrast medium-enhanced and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the assessment of early (1 month) response of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) to a single treatment with yttrium-90-labeled microspheres. MATERIALS AND METHODS The authors evaluated the MR images obtained before and 1(More)
Transcatheter intraarterial therapies have proved valuable in the battle against primary and secondary hepatic malignancies. The unique aspects of all such therapies are their reduced toxicity profiles and highly effective tumor responses. These unique characteristics coupled with their minimally invasive nature provide an attractive therapeutic option in(More)
Conventional transcatheter arterial chemoembolization and chemoembolization with drug-eluting beads are increasingly being performed interchangeably in many institutions throughout the world. As both therapies continue to being tested in many phase II and III studies and in combination with other therapies, especially targeted agents, for treatment of(More)
The purpose of this article is to present in a concise manner an overview of the most widely used locoregional transcatheter and ablative therapies for solid malignancies. An extensive MEDLINE search was performed for this review. Therapies used for liver cancer were emphasized because these therapies are used most commonly in the liver. Applications in(More)
PURPOSE One of the key factors that promotes angiogenesis is vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Platelets are the main source of VEGF in blood and contribute to angiogenesis by release of growth factors, including VEGF, from their alpha-granules on activation. The monoclonal antibody bevacizumab blocks VEGF in the blood of patients within hours(More)
PURPOSE To test whether different-sized iron oxide-containing Embosphere (IOE) particles can be detected by dedicated magnetic resonance (MR) imaging when injected intraarterially in an animal model of liver cancer and whether their distribution could be accurately predicted by MR imaging before confirmation with histopathologic analysis. MATERIALS AND(More)