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In several dicotyledonous species, NAC transcription factors act as master switches capable of turning on programmes of secondary cell-wall synthesis and cell death. This work used an oestradiol-inducible system to overexpress the NAC transcription factor BdSWN5 in the monocot model Brachypodium distachyon. This resulted in ectopic secondary cell-wall(More)
Plants, like animals, suffer from a variety of diseases that are transmitted via their sexual organs. In many species, the flowers senesce rapidly after pollination or fertilization. In ongoing studies of the impacts of a transposon insertional mutation in the gene that encodes the most abundant isoform of a major group-1 pollen allergen of maize, we found(More)
Group 1 grass pollen allergens comprise a distinctive clade within the beta-expansin family of cell wall-loosening proteins and are divided by sequence divergence into two phylogenetically separable classes (A and B). They have been proposed to loosen the walls of the stigma and style. Supporting this idea, we recently showed that a transposon insertion in(More)
Worldwide, 400 million people suffer from hay fever and seasonal asthma. The major causative agents of these allergies are pollen specific proteins called the group-1 grass pollen allergens. Although details of their antigenicity have been studied for 40 years with an eye towards immunotherapy, their function in the plant has drawn scant attention. Zea m 1(More)
Specialized plant cells arise from undifferentiated cells through a series of developmental steps. The decision to enter into a certain differentiation pathway depends in many cases on signals from neighbouring cells. The ability of cells to engage in short-range intercellular communication permits the coordination of cell actions necessary in many(More)
The dominant allergenic components of grass pollen are known by immunologists as group 1 allergens. These constitute a set of closely related proteins from the beta-expansin family and have been shown to have cell wall-loosening activity. Group 1 allergens may facilitate the penetration of pollen tubes through the grass stigma and style. In maize (Zea(More)
In many flowering plants, xyloglucan is a major component of primary cell walls, where it plays an important role in growth regulation. Xyloglucan can be degraded by a suite of exoglycosidases that remove specific sugars. In this work, we show that the xyloglucan backbone, formed by (1→4)-linked β-d-glucopyranosyl residues, can be attacked by two different(More)
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