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beta-Amyloid precursor protein (APP) mutations cause familial Alzheimer's disease with nearly complete penetrance. We found an APP mutation [alanine-673-->valine-673 (A673V)] that causes disease only in the homozygous state, whereas heterozygous carriers were unaffected, consistent with a recessive Mendelian trait of inheritance. The A673V mutation affected(More)
It is well known that the curvature of ganglioside-containing nanoparticles strongly depends on their headgroup structure, as determined in aggregates with 'stationary' composition, that is, when the system finds its optimal structure at the moment of lipid dissolution in aqueous solution. In the present work, we directly followed the structural change in(More)
Cellular membranes are highly organized structures with multiple and multi-dimensional levels of order where lipid components are active players. The lipid role is especially evident in rafts, where lipid-driven collective interaction dictates the local structure of a membrane. However, lipids play as well other roles in many aspects of membrane mechanics(More)
The demand for understanding the physical role of gangliosides in membranes is pressing, due to the high number of diverse and crucial biological functions in which they are involved, needing a unifying thread. To this purpose, model systems including gangliosides have been subject of extensive structural studies. Although showing different levels of(More)
Microtubule-associated protein tau gene (MAPT) is one of the major genes linked to frontotemporal lobar degeneration, a group of neurodegenerative diseases clinically, pathologically, and genetically heterogeneous. In particular, MAPT mutations give rise to the subgroup of tauopathies. The pathogenetic mechanisms underlying the MAPT mutations so far(More)
Poor prognosis and limited therapeutic options characterize immunoglobulin light-chain (AL) amyloidosis with major heart involvement. Reliable experimental models are needed to study light-chain (LC)/heart interactions and to explore strategies for prevention of cardiac damage. We have exploited the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans as a novel tool, because(More)
PURPOSE Along with their cholesterol-lowering effect, statins have shown a wide range of pleiotropic effects potentially beneficial to neurodegenerative diseases. However, such effects are extremely elusive via the conventional oral administration. The purpose of the present study was to prepare and characterize the physicochemical properties and the in(More)
A concise discussion of the role of different geometrical conformational states in the process of self-assembling of gangliosides is given. The report focuses on the effects of the geometrical variations occurring in the head group region of gangliosides as reflected on the geometrical properties of the whole assembly. Collective phenomena happening at the(More)
A new paradigm for the aetiopathology of phenylketonuria suggests the presence of amyloid-like assemblies in the brains of transgenic mouse models and patients with phenylketonuria, possibly shedding light on the selective cognitive deficit associated with this disease. Paralleling the amyloidogenic route that identifies different stages of peptide(More)
The role of first-stage β-amyloid aggregation in the development of the Alzheimer disease, is widely accepted but still unclear. Intimate interaction with the cell membrane is invoked. We designed Neutron Reflectometry experiments to reveal the existence and extent of the interaction between β-amyloid (Aβ) peptides and a lone customized biomimetic membrane,(More)