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This review focuses on muscle disorders and diseases caused by defects in the Ca(2+) release channels of the sarcoplasmic reticulum, the ryanodine receptors, and in the luminal, low affinity, high capacity Ca(2+)-binding proteins, calsequestrins. It provides a time line over the past half century of the highlights of research on malignant hyperthermia (MH),(More)
Mutations in the ATP2A1 gene, encoding isoform 1 of the sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA1), are one cause of Brody disease, characterized in humans by exercise-induced contraction of fast twitch (type II) skeletal muscle fibers. In an attempt to create a model for Brody disease, the mouse ATP2A1 gene was targeted to generate a SERCA1-null(More)
Central core disease, one of the most common congenital myopathies in humans, has been linked to mutations in the RYR1 gene encoding the Ca(2+) release channel of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (RyR1). Functional analyses showed that disease-associated RYR1 mutations led to impairment of skeletal muscle Ca(2+) homeostasis; however, thorough understanding of the(More)
Calreticulin is a ubiquitous Ca2+ binding protein, located in the endoplasmic reticulum lumen, which has been implicated in many diverse functions including: regulation of intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis, chaperone activity, steroid-mediated gene regulation, and cell adhesion. To understand the physiological function of calreticulin we used gene targeting to(More)
Transgenic mice were generated with cardiac-specific overexpression of the monomeric, dominant-acting, superinhibitory L37A and I40A mutant forms of phospholamban (PLN), and their phenotypes were compared with wild-type (wt) mice or 2-fold overexpressors of wt PLN (wtOE). The level of PLN monomer in cardiac microsomes was increased 11-13-fold, and the(More)
The type 1 isoform of the ryanodine receptor (RYR1) is the Ca(2+) release channel of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) that is activated during skeletal muscle excitation-contraction (EC) coupling. Mutations in the RYR1 gene cause several rare inherited skeletal muscle disorders, including malignant hyperthermia and central core disease (CCD). The human(More)
A heterozygous Ile4898 to Thr (I4898T) mutation in the human type 1 ryanodine receptor/Ca(2+) release channel (RyR1) leads to a severe form of central core disease. We created a mouse line in which the corresponding Ryr1(I4895T) mutation was introduced by using a "knockin" protocol. The heterozygote does not exhibit an overt disease phenotype, but(More)
Ryr1(I4895T/wt) (IT/+) mice express a knockin mutation corresponding to the human I4898T EC-uncoupling mutation in the type 1 ryanodine receptor/Ca(2+) release channel (RyR1), which causes a severe form of central core disease (CCD). IT/+ mice exhibit a slowly progressive congenital myopathy, with neonatal respiratory stress, skeletal muscle weakness,(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant hyperthermia (MH, MIM# 145600) is a complex pharmacogenetic disorder that is manifested in predisposed individuals as a potentially lethal reaction to volatile anesthetics and depolarizing muscle relaxants. Studies of CASQ1-null mice have shown that CASQ1, encoding calsequestrin 1, the major Ca2+ binding protein in the lumen of the(More)
Phospholamban (PLN) is a critical regulator of cardiac contractility through its binding to and regulation of the activity of the sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase. To uncover biochemical adaptations associated with extremes of cardiac muscle contractility, we used high-throughput gel-free tandem MS to monitor differences in the relative abundance of(More)